By: Pablo Romero, Alejandro Toccoli, and Austin Velazquez
The Vietnamese first appeared in history as one of many scattered peoples living in what is now South China and Northern Vietnam just before the beginning of the Christian era.Hung Vuong was the very first ruler of Vietnam, who later became the man who founded the country in 2879 B.C. Later, the Chinese conquered Vietnam in the 2nd century B.C. (111 B.C.), therefore, the Vietnamese has had a lot of Chinese influence. Ngo Dinh Diem, an anti-communist president who rose in the southern capital, refused to hold elections in the South, all with the diplomatic support from the US. Diem was overthrown and killed in a coup launched by his own generals. US president Lyndon B. Johnson approved regular intensive bombing of North Vietnam and the dispatch of U.S. combat troops into the South in order to prevent the absolute collapse of the Saigon regime. In January 1973, the war between Vietnam and the US had come to an end, the Us retreated their troops, and they both signed a peace agreement in Paris. However, 2 years later, in 1975, the communists launched a military offensive, and in 6 weeks, the resistance of the Thieu regime collapsed. The Communists then gained power of the Saigon on April 30.Unfortunately, the end of the war did not stop violence. In the late 1970s, Vietnam invaded Cambodia and it had increased its border tension with the Communist govt. The South did end up reuniting with the North in 1976 and are both Communist to this day.Recent policies, trade agreements, and treaties have positioned Vietnam for peace, growth and prosperity in the twenty-first century.
The climate is tropical in the South, monsoons in the North. During the Vietnam War, the U.S. sprayed Agent Orange, A toxic plant-killing chemical. The land use in Vietnam is, arable land is 20.64% permanent crops is 12.26% and the rest of the land/other is 67.1%. Occasionally there are typhoons (May to January) with major flooding. Like many Asian countries, Vietnam is very dependent on seafood as a source of protein. So that results to overfishing. As Vietnam struggles to keep developing its industrial economy, pollution is also a major problem. To power big industrial plants the Vietnamese government plans to build large hydroelectric dams.
Politics of Today
Vietnam is a communist state. The president of Vietnam is Truong Tan SANG and the Prime Minister Nguyen Tan DUNG. The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi.
GDP per Capita: $2,234 (Estimate of 2015)
Unemployment: 2.0% (As of 2011)
Type of Currency: Dong
Imports: Fertilizers, petroleum products, machinery, transportation equipment, steel, textiles, foodstuffs, and pharmaceuticals.
Exports: Petroleum, coal, rice, coffee, tea, timber, rubber, handicrafts, marine products, and minerals.
Import/Export Partners: The U.S., China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Switzerland, and Australia.
EDUCATION: Vietnamese children begin primary school at the age of six. After five years they go to early secondary school, that lasts for four years. Then they go to upper secondary school, that lasts for three years. The mandatory education is 5 years (from ages to 6 to 11). Vietnam spends 6.3% of its total GDP on education. It is 33rd in the world for literacy, with 93.5% of its population being able to read and write.
RELIGION: Most of the population of Vietnam (80%) do not follow a religion. 9.3% of the population are Buddhist, and 6.7% are Catholic, the rest of the religions have less than 1% of the population following it. ince most of the population aren’t religious, they do not have a background that they can say they came from.
RECREATION: Football (soccer) is the main sport in Vietnam, but the country has also competed in the Olympics since 1952, and has had Olympians in taekwondo do. Non-sports recreation include walks down rivers and around lakes.
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