Canada's Prime Moments

              Canada, the strong and free. Through the fires of World War, and the ashes of the Great Depression, Canada had forged itself through history to become a strong and independent nation. We were under the rule of England, but many events had shaped the colony to become the free country today. Through World War 1, World War 2 and the practice of free health care, Canada has shown its attributes to the world as a country of dignity and freedom.

                                                           World War 1

              Britain, one of the strongest world leaders had called the colonies for aid during the Great War (WW1). Canada joined England on 1914, and the beginning was not successful. Canadian troops had little training, unsuitable equipment, and almost no preparation for trench warfare.

Canadian Ross rifle- frequently jammed due to mud and debris, and poor ammunition used.

             The first few battles shocked the troops, and ended in high casualties as the Germans were experienced and skilled. But as Canadians began to adapt to the new form of warfare, they learned quickly to improve their conditions in the state of War. This can be seen on the Second Battle of Ypres(21 April – 25 May 1915), Canada's first large scale victory. Even though Canada had suffered great losses, they had proved themselves as a respectable and dignified force in the battle field.

              Allied forces celebrate their victory at the second battle of Ypres

            Vimy Ridge(9–12 April 1917) is considered one of the greatest victories Canada has achieved. The battle was fought by 4 Canadian division and 1 British division against 3 German divisions. Taken by Canadians, Vimy Ridge was a huge step for Canadians to be recognized as a independent nation from the British Empire.

                                     Canadians celebrate victory at Vimy Ridge

             Over 60,000 Canadian soldiers gave their lives for the greater glory; a free and strong Canada. Canada's prime moments can be seen all throughout WW1, from Vimy Ridge to Passchendaele, Canada stands strong in its prime. Through the mud, trench foot, machine gun fire, We fought through to make today possible.

                                                          World War 2

            World War 1 was intended to end all wars. But with many events lighting a fuse to the world, World War 2 exploded in Europe and spread towards America and Asia. Canada had developed rapidly between the end of WW1 and the beginning of WW2. By the end of WW2, Canada possessed the 4th largest air force, and the 3rd largest naval fleet.

                                    Let's Go Canada!- by Henri Eveleigh (1939-1945)

             Canada was present in most regions of War, but mostly in Northwest Europe. 1.1 million Canadians fought the war, and over 100,000 were killed in action or injured. Beginning their war at Hong Kong (Dec 8-25 1941), a huge step for Canada had been taken through the course of war. After the War, Canada proved they had the ability to manage Canada alone, and the world began to see Canada as an independent country rather than a colony. This would eventually lead to Joey Smallwood attempting to make Canada an option when deciding if Newfoundland should be an independent country, or under the rule of England. Joey's idea was rejected and debated upon several times, but eventually passed through in 1949. Thanks to the Canadian forces who fought bravely, Newfoundland has joined Canada. The unification of Canada and Newfoundland would also lead to the growth in economy with the exports of oil, iron ore, seafood, and many other products which further developed the separation between Britain.

                                                                     Joey Smallwood

             Canada fought many battles in WW2, but one of the most significant was the Normandy landing (D-day). 14,000 Canadians landed on Normandy and took part in the invasion which was the turning point of the War. With the heavy casualty suffered by the Allied troops, France was liberated and a tactical position as well as a large force was lost by Germany which led to the Allied victory. Canadians landed on Juno beach to capture an important city called "Caen." If Caen was taken, the German supply lines would slow drastically, German wouldn't be able to transport forces, and the large area Caen holds can be constructed into an airfield. The battle of Caen lasted longer than the Allied plans because German troops focused their forces on the city, mostly their armored reserves. Fighting a large force, it took the Canadians 2 months to liberate the city, and both sides suffered great losses. Even though casualties were heavy, Canada's prime can be seen in the battle of Caen. The battle was mostly fought by Canadians, and eventually won by Canadians. As a huge contributor to the Allied victory, Canadians greatest WW2 moment lies in the beaches of Juno, and the fields of Caen.

                         The beautiful city of Caen in the fields of Normandy

             There were around 9 operations in Caen, and the video below describes the battle thoroughly.

             Shown in the video, we see German and Allied tactics as well as advantages in the battle. The video discusses the timeline of the battle, and the weapons used.

              We see Canada showing its true battlefield attributes, and we cannot deny WW2 was a time period filled with Canadian moments which contribute to the strong nation today.

                                                      Free Health Care

             Tommy Douglas, considered the greatest Canadian in history. He created a system which makes Canada outstanding from other countries. Thomas Clement Douglas was born on October 20th, 1904 in Falkirk Scotland. His family emigrated to Winnipeg in 1910. Tommy had previously injured his leg in Scotland shortly before he emigrated, and Osteomyleitis(infection in bone marrow) set in his injury. With multiple operations, the infection was treated. But the infection set back when he was in Canada. The doctors said the leg had to be amputated, but a well known Orthopedic surgeon said he would treat Tommy as long as his medical students can watch. After curing his infection, Tommy grew his determination to make health care free. He joined the federal government in 1935, but left to become the Premier of Saskatchewan in 1944.

             He applied his free health care system for the first time in Saskatchewan. Proving that this method was innovative and successful, Tommy step down as Premier and ran to lead the NDP. He was elected as the NDP's first federal leader in 1961.

             With the help of Tommy Douglas, Canada had achieved free healthcare for all people. This makes Canada more humane, as well as respectful of all Canadians no matter social status or money.

             In conclusion, Canada has developed from a colony of England to a free independent nation through the treches of WW1, Juno beach of WW2, and the free health care from Tommy Douglas and shown its attributes to the world.

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