By: Brittany Rich
The cerebellum, meaning little brain, is located at the back of your baby's head, near the nape of her neck. The cerebellum helps your baby to keep her balance and coordinate her muscles. This part of your baby's brain enables her to learn and then remember how to move. As your baby becomes more mobile, it's the cerebellum that helps her get to grips with rolling over,crawling and then walking. The cerebellum helps your baby's coordination by linking her senses to her motor skills. In other words, it combines signals from all of your baby's senses to help her work out what she's feeling while moving around. It's thought that, to some extent, the cerebellum controls how blood moves around our bodies (cardio vascular activity), affecting blood pressure and breathing. Some experts believe that cardiovascular activity plays a role in cot death (SIDS).
The parietal lobe of the brain,, located near the crown of the head, controls taste, touch, the ability to recognize objects, hand-eye coordination, and some visual recognition (the ability to understand what you're looking at).This area of the brain benefits greatly from environmental stimulation. As you present your baby with new objects to play with and textures to touch and enjoy, you are directly stimulating development in the parietal lobe. Although newborns aren't usually exposed to different foods (breast milk or formula should be her only nutrition for the first six months), studies show that babies have a preference for sweet foods from day one. They also pucker their mouths just like adults when tasting sour flavors.
The temporal lobe (aptly named because it's near the temples) controls hearing, smell, and language comprehension. It works with the amygdala and hippocampus to enable learning, memory, and emotional responses. Hearing is the first sense to develop completely in babies. Within minutes of birth a newborn will startle and cry at loud noises. That's because much of the early physical development occurs long before your baby is born. Research shows that the inner ear is the only sense organ to fully form before birth. The inner ear reaches its adult size by the middle of pregnancy, according to Gina Gomez, an audiologist who specializes in newborn hearing screening at INOVA Fair Oaks hospital in Virginia. Smell also develops early in your infant's life. Researchers say that premature babies born at 7 months' gestational age respond to smells, which means that the necessary tools to detect scents are functional even before birth. Newborns react to smells on their first day, making faces at unpleasant smells, like rotten eggs, and smiling at sugary smells. By the end of his first week, a nursing baby will turn toward a pad soaked in his mother's milk but ignore pads from other nursing mothers.
Your baby's brain stem is at the top of his spinal cord, where his head joins his neck. The brain stem is the most highly developed area of your baby's brain at birth. The brain stem controls your newborn's reflexes such as crying, startling and suckling. It also regulates basic functions such as breathing, blood pressure and heart rate. Even your baby's light, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is directed from his brain stem. Your baby's brain stem also plays a part in handling some of his emotions, especially anxiety and, on the flip side, calming down. The areas of your baby's brain that control his emotions mature early in life and are highly sensitive to your feedback. Your patience, attention and understanding are key to helping your baby develop a healthy way to handle his emotions. Responding to him and comforting him when he cries, especially in the first year, will help him develop the ability to calm himself later on.
The frontal lobe of the brain (located behind the forehead) handles all thought and voluntary behavior such as walking, speech, and problem solving, and some aspects of emotion. Development in this area really takes off between six and 12 months, when your baby becomes more mobile and verbal. When your baby starts babbling, it's the left side of her brain that lights up with activity, and when she listens to a favorite lullaby or becomes fascinated by what fits inside a piece of Tupperware, the right side of her brain is in control. For most people, language production is controlled by the left side, while the right side is responsible for interpreting the emotional content of speech through its tone and rhythm. The frontal lobe matures in spurts and takes years to develop. New functions are continually added throughout childhood. The brain is so active in childhood that half of the calories consumed by the average 5-year-old are used to fuel it.
1. Answer their questions
2.Let them use their imagination
3. Encourage creativity
1. Your baby's brain is more active than yours. 2. Hugs make your baby's brain bigger. 3. Your baby's brain pays attention to everything4. Your baby is dreamy.<3