Manufactured Fibers

Manufactured fibers are fibers that are man-made and created by combining various substances with chemicals. Solid raw materials and chemicals are melted or dissolved to form a thick liquid. The liquid is forced through the tiny holes of a mechanical device known as a spinneret to form filaments. The filaments are then stretched, hardened, and crimped and/or cut into lengths. Polyester, an example of a manufactured fibers, is made from coal or petroleum, is strong and often blended with other fibers, resistant to wrinkling, shrink and stretch resistant, easy to care for, great wash-ability, peels easily, and has static buildup. Common uses for polyester are children's wear, shirts, and suits. Nylon is another example of a manufactured fiber. Nylon was the first fiber to be manufactured totally from chemicals. It's strong durable and elastic. It dries quickly, resists wrinkles and soil, washes easily, it's heat sensitive, and clings to the wearer. Common uses include hosiery, swimwear, and wind blazers. Acrylic resembles wool, is soft and warm, bulky, yet lightweight, quick drying, strong, wrinkle resistant, creates static buildup, and pills easily. Common uses include terry cloth, bathrobes, knitted garments, and outdoor furniture fabrics and awnings. Rayon is a soft, absorbent, comfortable and inexpensive manufactured fiber. It stretches and is weak when wet. It mildews and wrinkles easily. Common uses include linings, sports shirts, and jackets. Acetate is very versatile, is inexpensive and easy to dye, is silky, luxurious, has a deep luster, soft, wrinkles easily, and needs special care needed in cleaning. Common uses involves neckties, lingerie, blouses, and linings. Last but not least, spandex. IT is known for its ability to stretch. It's resistant to lotions, oils, sun, and perspiration, is easily damaged by chlorine bleach, is soft, lightweight, durable, and non-absorbent. Common uses include swimwear, dancewear, and excersize wear.

Comment Stream