Madagascar by Wil

Capital city and major cities

Capital city- Antananarivo

Other major cities- Tomasina, Ansirabe, Mahajanga, and Fianarantsoa.

Area and Geography

Area: 226,660 square miles. (587,004 sq km)

dimensions: east-west 360 miles north-south 976 miles

center: 20 degrees south, 47 degrees east

Land and water borders: Located in the Indian ocean off the southwest coast of Africa, with Mozambique to the west across the Mozambique channel and the Comoros islands to the northwest.

highest elevation: Maromokotra, 9,436 feet above sea level.

lowest elevation: Sea level along Indian ocean.


Government: Federal republic

Chief of state: President

 Head of government: Prime Minister

Official region: none

Year of founding: 1960

National Anthem: Ry Tanindrazanay Malala O (Our Beloved Country)

The president is the head of Madagascar's government and is elected by all people over the age of eighteen. The President shares power with the Prime Minister, but the Prime Minister than selects the cabinet, called the council of element.


This is a Fossa, the bigest mammal prededer on Madagascar.

Madagascar was among the last places on the planet with a pleasant, fertile environment to be settled. After the island broke apart from Gondwanaland, it's plant and animal life developed without any human influence. No traces have been found of ancient people-no ancient bones, no fossil remains.

The Merina people grew into a powerful kingdom under the ruler Andrianampoinimerina. This forceful leader conquered other people living on the island and, brought them together under his leadership. He ruled from 1787 to 1810. He had extraordinary power because the people thought believed he ruled by a divine right that his power came from god.  


The population for Madagascar in 1998 was 14,463,000

the population now in Madagascar is

Antananarivo: 1,052,835

Toamasina: 127,441

Ansirabe: 120,239

Maharajah: 100,807

Fianarantsoa: 99,005

Country's Flag

The nationalist movement of 1947 also used a red and white flag. It is said that the green color block was added to represent the people that lived and thrived on the coast. Madagascar also has a national seal that features the travelers palm.


Who Lived In Madagascar

Magsly: 98.9%  Merina:27%  Betsimisarata: 15%  Betsileo: 12%  Tsimihety: 7%  Antandray: 5%

Life Expectancy

male: 63.77 years  female: 66.67 years

Official language: Malagasy


Marcvary, Valiha, and Kabosy are the names of the instruments that the people play. They are in the zithers and lute sections. The Valiha has 28 strings attached to a bamboo tube. Another instrument is the sodina. It is a Madagascar flute. The people of Madagascar prefer their instruments but have learned to use modern instruments. The second album they made was nominated for a Grammy.


Religious beliefs are at the heart of Malagsy culture. Traditional religious practices exist side by side with religions that come to the island from outside. Half the people-52-percent follow only traditonal religion and 41 percent are christains. The remaining 7 percent are Muslims, who live mainly in the northwest around Mahajanaga.


Every time somebody wants to celebrate a god, they have a bone turning ceremony. The people of Madagascar try to have try to have one as much as possible to celebrate the god's.


This is a shot of Tsingy de Bemaraha strict nature reserve.

Ankarana Special Reserve                  Pangalanes Canal                        Pe'rinet special reserve

Berenty Reserve                              The rova (King's palace)             The rova(Queen's palace)

Great Spiny desert       Tsingy de Bemaraha strict nature reserve            Tisimbazaza

In 1990 Tsingy de Bemaraha strict nature reserve became a World Heritage site-a place that both needs and deserves protection. Tsingy de Bemaraha is a strange kind of nature reserve because it is almost impossible to visit it. Over thousands of years, wind and water have eroded the landscape into a frighting "Forest" of limestone spires as high as 66 feet. Each has been carved to a sharp point, and together form an impenetrable maze. These spires are called tsingy in Madagascar. Some people believe tsingy means "to tip toe" or "To hum"


Can you see the leaf tailed Geko? The bugs sure can't.

Natural Resources


Paddy rice: 2,600,000 metric tons

Cassavo: 2,450,000 metric tons

Sugercane: 2,200,000 metric tons


Cotton Cloth: 25,000,000 metric tons

Refined Suger: 89,444 metric tons

Cement: 45,000 metric tons


Salt: 80,000 metric tons

Chromite Ore: 74,000 metric tons

Graphite: 13,000 metric tons


Average temperature extremes: 84 degrees in December along the coast. 5 degrees in  July in the mountains.

Average participation extremes: 128 inches (325 cm of rainfall on the the east coast)

                                                              14 inches (36 cm) of rainfall in the southwest

At the beginning of every year tropical rainstorms far out over the Indian ocean usually starting in December or January and lasting until March.

Interesting Facts

Pirates used Madagascar as a place to attack passing ships. The people of the island let the plundering pirates stay as long as they didn't attack them and the pirates were nice to the people of the stranded island.

Eggs of the extinct elephant bird are still found in southern Madagascar.

It is said that Madagascar makes the best vanilla in the world, but has stopped being sold because the bees and birds don't pollinate the vanilla, the vanilla can't grow in the hot sun of Madagascar and other products are being sold around the world.

The people eat more rice a year than everybody, including the Chinese. An average person would eat 348 pounds of rice a year.


(Blauer, Ettagale) and (Jason, Laure')Madagascar. Children's press: Groier Publishing                     Co. 2003  

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