Italy and Benito Mussolini
By: Lorin & India
Italy was part of the Axis Powers
Italy had poor leadership and poor weaponry during WW2 making them the laughing stock of the war.
Duce Benito Mussolini described Italy's declaration of war against the Western Allies of Britain and France in June 1940 as the following: "We are going to war against the plutocratic and reactionary democracies of the West who have invariably hindered the progress and often threatened the very existence of the Italian people"
The participation of Italy in the Second World War was characterized by a complex framework of ideology, politics and diplomacy, in which its military history took place often heavily influenced by external factors.
On 10 June 1940, as the French government fled to Bordeaux before the German invasion, declaring Paris an open city, Mussolini felt the conflict would soon end and declared war on Britain and France.
Italy invaded Greece from puppet state of Albania in 1941. The invasion faltered, so Germany invaded Greece to help.
Mussolini made fascism (extreme nationalism and racism) popular in Italy.
- By 1922 his Fascist Party had gained enough strength to force the king of Italy to declare Mussolini head of the government
- He banned all political parties accept for his own Fascist Party.
- Mussolini bullied children as a child ,and was violent to others.
- Mussolini sought to build an Italian Empire.
- Mussolini was born on July 29th,1883 in Predappio, Italy.
- Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini full name Mussolini was named after leftist Mexican President Benito Juárez. His two middle names, Amilcare and Andrea, came from Italian socialists Amilcare Cipriani and Andrea Costa. (His father was a socialist)
- His father Alessandro Mussolini was a blacksmith and a socialist,while his mother Rosa Mussolini (née Maltoni) was a devoutly Catholic schoolteacher.
- In 1903, he was arrested by the Bernese police because of his advocacy of a violent general strike, spent two weeks in jail,and sent him back to Italy to be set free.
- In his life he was a politician, journalist, and a writer.
- Benito Mussolini served as Italy’s 40th Prime Minister from 1922 until 1943.
- He was an ally with Adolfo Hitler and both of them ran the Axis Powers.
- Mussolini and his mistress Claretta Petacci, were captured by Italian partisans. Driven to the gates of the Villa Belmonte, they were shot to death by a partisan firing squad.
- On August 31, 1915 Mussolini was assigned to the 11th Regiment of the Bersaglieri (a corps of sharpshooters).
- On January 3, 1925, with the backing of his Fascist majority, Mussolini declared himself dictator of Italy.
- Out of all the countries in Europe, Germany had been the only country to support Mussolini's attack on Ethiopia.
- Mussolini removed Jews from government and teaching jobs, and banned intermarriage. Italy was following in the footsteps of Nazi Germany.
- In 1940–41 Mussolini's armies, badly supplied and poorly led, suffered defeats from Europe across the Mediterranean to the African continent.
-Italy lost its war in 1942; Mussolini's power collapsed six months later.
- The Mussolinis were a poor family who lived in a crowded two-bedroom apartment.
- Mussolini held several posts as editor and labor leader until he emerged in the 1912 Socialist Party Congress.
- His powerful writing injected excitement into the Socialist ranks. In a party that had accomplished little in recent years, his youth and his intense nature was an advantage. He called for revolution at a time when revolutionary feelings were sweeping the country.