Muslim Empire

The Muslim Empire existed from 636 A.D to 1066 A.D. The Muslim Empire spread, "Out of Mecca, East to India, West across North Africa and on into Spain."

Growth: -Military Conquest: took about 100 years to expand most of their empire.
-They were great fighters, if they died in battle, they believed they would go directly to heaven (Jihad)
-They treated conquered people fairly-better than previous rulers.

Battle of Tours: (732 A.D)
-In southern france
-the french Christians, under Charles Martel, defeated the Muslims and stopped their advance into Europe.

Golden Age: (700-900 A.D) - a time of great learning and cultural diffusion.

Contributions to our Society:

Mathematics:                                   Astronomy:
-Spread Gupta math ideas                      -Learned from greek ideas
-created Algebra and Trigonometry               -study of the stars; created
                                               astronomical tables
Medicine:                                      Islamic Law:
-created hospitals                             -based on Islamic religious
-wrote medical textbooks                         laws in the Qur'an
-Doctors were required to pass exams          -became the basis for political
to practice medicine                            laws in the empire
Architecture:                                  -used money
-influenced by Byzantine and Indian styles        -allowed credit (money
                                               borrowing) to be used

Preservers of Greek and Roman culture:
-preserved Roman and greek ideas that they got from their contacts with the Byzantine Empire
-Preserved them
-They improved upon them (i.e. translated Roman writings, etc.)

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