Yucutan Peninsula

In Mayan Empire it was hard to find water in Yucatan. There are almost no rivers, but the ground was made up of limestone that absorbs the water.


The Mayans were dependent on wells and natural sinkholes for their water supply. The rain god Chaac was one of their most powerful god.

They had six month of rainy season from June to December and followed by a six month of dry season from January to May.

The Mayans built an observatory to watch the stars and predict the season to plant

The Mayans practiced slash-burn agriculture. The soil in the Yucatan is composed of an extremely
rich layer of black mold. However, after about two seasons the soil is depleted, and a new area of
land has to be cleared for cultivation.

The main Mayan crops were cotton, maize, beans and squash. The Mayans raised turkeys, dogs, and bees for food.

They lived in small palm-thatched huts similar to the ones still seen in the Yucatan today.

Jewelry was made from copper, gold, silver, jade, shells, and colorful plumage


The Mayans were farmers, fishermen, hunters and also food guarder

Priests ran governments, ruled cities, led ceremonies and performed many other jobs, Only priests,
and, kings were allowed to be in the temples.

The priests lived in huge palaces. Priests in small villages were the godfathers and assisted in births. Priests led ceremonies like ch'acak to please the gods

When a member of ones family died they were buried in simple graves just under their houses.

The Mayans sacrificed human, one way of doing this was by ripping out their hearts and leaving them
there for offering to the Gods, or by throwing them down a cliff. They used humans as their sacrifices
because it was believed that the Gods needed human blood to grow stronger.

Sometimes, on very big festivals for religious day they would  dance and they dressed up with masks to look like Gods. Some of the dances were done to insure the success of crops though.

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