Gold Gold Gold !

Taylor Brennan, 8th American History

Top 10

10. The Industrial Revolution - The Industrial Revolution took place from the 18th to the 19th centuries. In rural societies like Europe, and America became industrial and urban. Manufacturing for the IR was often done in people's homes, using hand tools or basic machines.

9. The XYZ Affair - The XYZ Affair occurred from 1797 to 1798. The name comes from the letters X, Y, & Z from the names of the French diplomats in documents released by the Adams administration. the Americans were offended by the French people, and eventually left France without ever engaging in formal negotiations.

8. The Louisiana Purchase - In 1803, the U.S. purchased approximately 828,000,000 square miles of territory from France. What was known as the Louisiana Territory stretched from the Mississippi River in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west, and from the Gulf of Mexico in the south, to the Canadian border in the north.   

7. The War of 1812 - In the War of 1812, the United States took on the greatest naval power in the world. Causes of the war included British attempts to restrict U.S. trade, and America's desire to expand its territory. The ratification of the Treaty of Ghent on February 17, 1815 ended the war but left many questions unresolved.

6. Manifest destiny - a term for the attitude during the 19th century period of American expansion that the U.S. was able to stretch from coast to coast. This attitude helped fuel the western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico.

5. The Indian Removal Act - The Indian Removal Act is a law that was passed by Congress on May 28, 1830 during the presidency of Andrew Jackson. The act was strongly supported by non-native people of the south, who were eager to gain access to lands inhabited by Five Civilized Tribes. Christian missionaries protested against it.

4. The Mexican American War (1846-1848) - marked the first U.S. armed conflict fought on foreign soil. President James K. Polk believed that the United States has a "manifest destiny" to spread across the continent to the Pacific Ocean. When the dust cleared, Mexico had lost about 1/3 of its territory, including nearly all of present day California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico.

3. The California Gold Rush of 1849 - The discovery of gold nuggets in the Sacramento Valley in early 1848 sparked the gold rush. As news spread of the discovery, thousands of gold miners traveled by sea or overland to San Francisco and the surrounding area. A total of $2 billion worth of precious metal was extracted from the area during the Gold Rush.

2. Thomas Jefferson - Thomas Jefferson was the author of The Declaration of Independence, and was the third U.S. president. During the American Revolutionary War, he served in the Virginia legislature, and the Continental Congress and was also the governor of Virginia. He later served as U.S. minister to France & the U.S.

1. George Washington & John Adams - John Adams and George Washington played very different roles in the war of Independence and in early years of the United States. Both of them were indispensable to the cause of American liberty. Adams had always been known as a great judge of character & for him George Washington was obviously the man to lead the Continental Army. During the first Continental Congress of 1775, Adams nominated Washington to lead the colonial army before it was even known that they would rebel.   


1789 - George Washington became the first president

On April 30, 1789 George Washington became the first president of the U.S. He had two intertwined interests - military arts and western expansion.

1794 - Cotton gin

The cotton gin made many peoples lives much easier. It gave them more time to work on other things, and the task without the cotton gin was very difficult.

1797 & 1798 - the XYZ Affair

the XYZ Affair resulted in an undeclared war known as the Quasi - War.

(1801-1809) - Thomas Jefferson's presidency

TJ was a reluctant candidate for Presidency in 1796, and came within 3 votes of election.

1803 - the Louisiana Purchase

The LP was a land deal between the U.S. and France, in which the U.S. acquired 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million dollars.

1812 - War of 1812

The War of 1812 was a military conflict that lasted 2 and a half years, between the U.S., the U.K., and Ireland.

1820/1840 - Industrial Revolution

The Industrial Revolution was both good and bad. It was good because it increased the amount of manufactured goods, and improved standard living for some. It was bad because it also made it hard for people to find jobs, and made living hard for the poor & working classes.

1830 - Indian Removal act

The IRA was signed into law by Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830, authorizing the president to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi.

1847 - Mexican American war

A border skirmish along the Rio Grande started off the fighting, and was followed by a series of U.S. victories.

1849 - California Gold Rush

The Gold Rush was one of the most significant events to shape American History.

Newspaper Article

Many new items being made! One of the many new machines include the cotton gin. The cotton gin is making the lives of every day people much easier! It speeds up the process from removing seeds from cotton fibers. It is a very useful item, and helps people get more things done instead of spending a whole day or even more, when they can use a cotton gin and spend only 21 minutes. The cotton gin made lives easier, and made cotton America's leading export.

Biographical Summary

Thomas Jefferson -

Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. He was also our third president. He was the spokesman of democracy, and embraced the principles of republicanism & the rights of the individual with worldwide influence. He served in the Continental Congress at the beginning of the American Revolution, representing Virginia. In May 1785, he became the United States Minister to France and later the first United States Secretary of State. Jefferson, and James Madison organized the Democratic - Republican Party, and later resigned from Washington's cabinet. In 1804 Jefferson sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition, and later 3 others to explore the new west. Jefferson doubled the size of the United States during his presidency. During his second term, he had troubles at home, such as the failed treason trial of his former Vice President Aaron Burr. In 1807 Jefferson drafted and signed a law that banned slave importation into the U.S.  

By the numbers

  1. James Monroe - James Monroe was elected our sixth president in 1816. He toured the nation, being the first to do so since George Washington.
  2. Sectionalism - The sectionalism crisis reached a breaking point when Missouri wanted to be admitted as a new state in 1820. Southerns wanted Missouri to be a slave state while Northerners opposed the idea.
  3. Oregon & Manifest destiny - Manifest Destiny is the belief that the U.S. should expand from sea to shining sea. The most desirable place was the Oregon Country. President James K. Polk was elected in 1844. He supported the idea of manifest destiny and encouraged the settlement of Oregon.
  4. Texas - Most of the people who lived in Texas were tejanos who were Mexicans that claimed Texas as they're home. Stephen Austin got permission from the Mexican government to start a new colony along with 300 American families.
  5. California - Mexicans settled California in the 1700s for missionary purposes. As more Americans arrived, they saw opportunities to trade with East Asia, which was too good of a deal to pass up.
  6. War with Mexico - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in February 1848, which ended the Mexican American war.
  7. Mormonism - Joseph Smith founded a new religion called Mormonism sometime in the 1830s. Later Smith was killed by an angry mob. After Smith's death, Brigham Young decided that the Mormons should move west. They travelled west on The Mormon Trail by 12,000 pilgrims seeking religious freedom in 1846.
  8. The Election of 1828 - In 1828, the Democrats again supported Jackson. He was considered as the “candidate of the common man.”
  9. Native Americans were forced to move from their homes following the passage of the Indian Removal Act in 1830.
  10. Washington's Farewell Address -  In his Farewell Address, he warned Americans to avoid forming political parties, and getting involved in foreign affairs. The Farewell Address was Published in September 1796.


Andrew Jackson was born on, March 15, 1767. He died on June 8, 1837 in Nashville, TN. His wife was Rachel Jackson, and he had many kids including, Andrew Jackson, Lyncoya Jackson, John Samuel Donelson, Daniel Smith Donelson, Andrew Jackson Donelson, Andrew Jackson Hutchings, Carolina Butler, Eliza Butler, Edward Butler, and Anthony Butler.



1 c. shortening
3 c. sugar
3 eggs, beaten
1 (16 oz.) can pumpkin
1 tsp. vanilla
1/2 tsp. coconut flavoring
1 tsp. butter flavoring
3 c. flour
1 tsp. soda
1/2 tsp. baking powder
1/4 tsp. salt
1 tsp. nutmeg
1 tsp. allspice
1 tsp. cloves
1 tsp. cinnamon
1 c. nuts
1 c. brown sugar

1/2 c. sour cream

Cream shortening and sugar. Add eggs, pumpkin and flavorings. Sift next 8 ingredients together and add to shortening mixture and mix. Add nuts and mix well. Pour into greased and floured tube pan. Bake at 350 degrees for 1 hour and 15 minutes. Combine brown sugar with sour cream, cook over medium heat. Bring to boil, simmer for 1 minute. Cool 5 minutes. Top cake.


The Oregon Trail - The Oregon Trail ran approximately 2,200 miles west from Missouri to the Rocky Mountains to the Willamette Valley. A trail to California branched off in southern Idaho. The Mormon Trail crossed much of the Oregon Trail, connecting Council Bluffs to Salt Lake City. It started as an unconnected series of trails used by Native Americans. The eastern part of the Oregon Trail spanned part of the future state of Kansas and almost all of what are now the states of Nebraska and Wyoming. The western half of the trail spanned most of the future states of Idaho and Oregon. The Oregon Trail was laid by fur trappers and traders from about 1811 to 1840 and was only passable on foot or by horseback.

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