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The Nile River is about 6,670 km (4,160 miles) in length and is the longest river in the world.The Nile River creates a fertile green valley across the desert.The ancient Egyptians lived and farmed along the Nile, using the soil to produce food for themselves and their animals.

Many peaks are higher than 9,800 ft. (2,987 m.). The tallest mountain is Zard-Kuh at an elevation of 14,922 ft. (4,548 m.).The Karun and Zayandeh-Rud rivers start in these mountains.

The delta was formed by the Nile river. The Delta has some of the richest farmland in Egypt, but it also contains the largest cities after Cairo in Alexandria, Tanta, Damanhur and Mansoura. The landscape is almost entirely flat.

The Red Sea has a surface area of roughly 438,000 km² (169,100 mi²). It is about 2250 km (1398 mi) long and, at its widest point, 355 km (220.6 mi) wide.The sea is the habitat of over 1,000 species

The Arabian peninsula provides vast reserves of oil and natural gas.As of 2014, there are nearly 54 million citizens in the Arabian Peninsula

The desert extends approximately 1100 km from east to west, and 1,000 km from north to south, in about the shape of a rectangle.It is primarily sand and stony plain.The desert features a lot of landscapes including mountains such as Jebel Uweinat (1980 m), the Gilf Kebir , and sand seas.