The Colosseum

Date Of Construction: Commissioned in 70-72 AD by Emperor Vespasian and was opened by Titus in 80 AD for 100 days of games.

Materials Used: Travertine, Tofus (volcanic rock), Roman Cement, and Limestone.

Special Architectural Features: Arcades(3 rows of arches), all 3 types of columns were used on the outsides, statues were under the arches and could be seen from the outside. The Colosseum stands 157 feet, is 615 feet long, and 510 feet wide.

Purpose/Use of the Structure: The structure was used for gladiatorial combat, wild animal fights, battle reenactments, and executions of prisoners.

Significance To Roman Culture: The Romans first built the Colosseum because they wanted a place for games and events that was larger than any other amphitheater at the time. Romans attended the events with their families, and crowds would gather to see executions and gladiatorial fights. The different social classes would be seated in different areas in the Colosseum, which had a maximum occupancy of between 50,000-80,000 people. The emperor would often go to see the events, and would have the final say in whether a gladiator would be killed or not.

Influences On Modern Buildings: The Colosseum is an influence to stadiums, such as sports complexes or even the Beijing Olympic Complex since it was similar in shape. Also influenced by the Colosseum is the many different types of column, and arched entryways.


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