The Renaissance
       "Not what man knows but what man feels, concerns art. All else is science."

The Renaissance is known for ending the medieval era and heading towards the start of the modern age. The Renaissance not only made many intellectual discoveries, but also experienced political and social pandemonium. It is best known for the artistic contributions and developments, the printing press, a rebellion of classical based learning, and social upheaval.

Artistic contributions-Before the Renaissance in the 1400s, artistic works mainly consisted of religious portraits and biblical scenes. It was assumed that the only works that were important enough to produce were the religious based ones. But during the Renaissance many artists took an interest in Roman and Greek culture. These discoveries helped the artists learn more about the human body, as well as innovations in mathematics and science. The pursuit of beauty was shown through many of the masterpieces. An example would be Bacchus and Ariadne by Titian.

Printing press- Gutenberg created the printing press in 1445. This changed the lives of people forever. It used to be that bookmaking was a tedious task because they had to hand copy all the words and illustrations onto animal skin, also known as parchment. Because the process of making the book was so painstaking, it was very expensive to buy. But because of the revolutionary invention of the printing press it was quicker and easier to make books. The demand for books got higher as the prices got lower. Humanism books were put out and the spread of the philosophy grew.

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The Renaissance rebellion of classical based learning was the development of linear perspective in painting, and the educational reform. Traditionally this transformation from classical based learning to a more modern based learning has resulted in the Renaissance being viewed as a bridge between the Middle Ages and the Modern era. Before the Renaissance, education was centered around the Church. But after the educational reform education was based more on science than simply on learning what ancient authorities had said.

social and political upheaval- Women who were Young and well off were widely educated, usually in “arts and letters” but the Pressure of staying home was always present. An example is Laura Cetera who was highly educated, but had to choose scholarship or family. She chose family but her husband died young, so she turned to her scholarship. She blamed women for being “decorations”, so she was despised by women and hated by men. The Common girls were sometimes educated, but there main job was to manage the home with charm and grace. The social standards on Sex was a double standard for men. Rape was perceived as not such a bad thing and punishment depending on your social class. Also the amount of African slavery accelerated in early 1500s; it was seen as respective to have a black slave, slaves showed wealth. They also performed music and dance for entertainment.

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