The ABC's of Intelligence


By: Erin S.

Intelligence is the ability to learn or understand. Intelligence has been the most fun theme study topic I have learned about.  The ABC’s of intelligence will teach you everything there is to learn about intelligence.  Multiple Intelligences, Savant Syndrome, Intelligence effectors, ADHD, Dyslexia, IQ tests, and Intelligence Testers are some interesting topics and you will learn about them all.  There are some really surprising facts when discussing Intelligence.  I also picked this topic because I want to know why a PEAK student thinks the way they do.

                                                               Multiple Intelligence

The multiple intelligence theory was created by Howard Gardner.  There are eight types of Intelligences. Every intelligence is in you.  So while you are reading this think about your intelligence and think about if you agree or disagree with the things that your intelligence is known for.  All eight of the Intelligences are used world-wide and you actually use a lot of the Intelligences at the same time.  Everyone has all eight of the Intelligences but typically you excel in one or two.  The Intelligences are Nature smart, self-smart, People smart, Body smart, Music smart, Logic smart, Picture smart, and Word smart.

Nature Smart           Observant; like the outdoors

Self-Smart                  Understand feelings and has a diary

People Smart             Like to interact with people

Body Smart            Like to dance, do crafts and building

Music Smart             Like rhythm, melody and singing

Logic Smart           Like math and understanding numbers

Picture Smart           Show vision through art

Word Smart              Good in school


                                               Intelligence Testers (People)

Wilhelm Stern

Wilhelm Stern created the mental quotient or mathematical equation used to measure a person’s intelligence.  Later on this was known as someone’s Intelligence Quotient. The term IQ was born. Stern also stated that 100 would be the average IQ score.  Wilhelm said that the score of 70 is deficient, 85 is a low average, 100 is average, 115 is superior and 130 is very superior. An average PEAK student has an IQ score of about 125 or above.

Alfred Binet

Alfred is known as the father of intelligence testing.  Binet made up a scoring scale that was called the Binet-Simon scale.  Scientists said that the  Binet-Simon scale didn’t work very well because no one liked it.

Lewis Terman

Lewis’s continued to develop the ideas of Binet and created the Stanford – Binet test. There are over 100 subtests and tasks. This IQ test is the most common IQ test taken right now. It takes between 60 – 90 minutes to administer.

David Wechsler

Wechsler is a psychologist that designed newer models of the IQ test. The difference with his testing was that people were given a mental age equivalent not a mental age.

                                                      

                                                          Intelligence Effectors

  High intelligence can help in life so you should do whatever you can to help raise it.  Some things that can help your intelligence level are through diet. Eating blueberries, salmon and sea fish have proved to be helpful in positively impacting intelligence.  Activities to raise your intelligence include playing games of logic, some video games, exercise, writing and reading.  Also, studying, listening to music, and taking practice IQ tests can help raise your IQ. 

But, because you can also impact your intelligence negatively don’t smoke, drink large quantities of alcohol or stay up late over a long period of time.  Sugar and watching reality TV is bad for your intelligence, too.  Surprisingly chewing gum and watching the news can also impact intelligence negatively.


                                                     Intelligence Exceptions

ADHD

ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.  ADHD is a mental health issue.  ADHD happens because people with ADHD have 2 different chemicals in their brains than the average person.  Most people with ADHD have a hard time focusing and paying attention and they are usually hyperactive.  ADHD can cause people to make bad decisions.  For instance the Sandy Hook Elementary school murderer had ADHD and this could be one of the factors of why chose this bad decision.  ADHD was first documented in the early 20th century.

Dyslexia

Dyslexia is the result of a neurological defect.  People with Dyslexia have trouble making the right sounds with a word. (Like switching a b with a d) They can also have trouble with reading, spelling and sometimes math.  They also have attention and spatial difficulties.  Dyslexia affects between 5% and 12% of all Americans.

   

Savant Syndrome

People with Savant Syndrome usually have a low general intelligence but can have an incredibly strong intelligence usually in art, music or numbers.  Autistic people are known for this syndrome.  People with Savant Syndrome have good memorization, lightning-fast calculation skills, calendar calculating (this means that you can calculate the date easily or very quickly), and special abilities in music, art and language.  Some additional characteristics of Savant Syndrome are that they might have autism, mental illness, and can be mentally handicapped.

In 1966 a doctor visited 2 twins in a hospital.  The twins had autism.  He visited the twins because of their math abilities.  Even though the twins could not add or subtract they had an exceptional ability.  While the doctor was visiting, a box of matches fell on the floor and the twins yelled “111!” then they said 37 three times.  The doctor counted and there were exactly 111 matches.  The twins said they didn’t count the matches they saw the 111 matches.  These twins had Savant Syndrome.   

                                               

                                                                IQ Tests

  IQ stands for Intelligence Quotient.  On an IQ test, an Intelligence Quotient is your score. Just so you know IQ tests don’t say how smart you are it just says how much of an average IQ score you have.  IQ tests measure aptitude learning and achievement.  It also measures if you apply what you know in new and different ways.  When taking an intelligence test you usually deal with pictures and designs.  It also tests how you think and what your potential is.  But, if you are a good writer or you’re an amazing singer you might get a lower score on an IQ test because none of these subjects show up on an IQ test.  People have been measuring Intelligence for over a century.  An average IQ score is 100.  The highest IQ score was 230 and was received by Marilyn Savant.  This is where Savant Syndrome got its name.

                                                                            *****

Intelligence is fascinating.  All humans have a unique intelligence.  It is important to discover how to unlock the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge.  The ABC’s of Intelligence helped me better understand the way I think, and to realize we are all unique.   


Works Cited

ADHD of the future. psychcentral.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

Armstrong, Thomas. You're Smarter than You Think. Minneapolis: FreePress, 2003. Print.

Barrett, Susan. It's all in your head. MN: FreeSpirit, 1992. Print.

Hiles, Dave. "Savant Syndrome." DMU.ac.uk. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

Romanek, Trudee. Aha. Tonawanda: KidsCanPress, 2004. Print.

UNKNOWN, UNKNOWN. "Intelligence and IQ." ship.edu. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.

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