Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand was assassinated along with his wife Sophie, the Duchess of Hohenburg, on June 28, 1914. The Serbian terrorist organization known as the Black Hand had planned to assassinate them while traveling through the streets of Sarajevo, Bosnia on a parade. Each of the assassins spaced themselves out along the parade route. However, none of them succeeded. On his way back, the archduke's driver made a wrong turn onto a dead end road, and the car stalled when he tried to reverse. Unfortunately, the leader of the Black Hand, Gavrillo Princip, was standing outside a deli on the street the car was stuck on. He shot the couple, Sophie in her stomach and Franz Ferdinand in his neck. He pointed the gun to himself, but was grabbed by police and arrested before he could pull the trigger.