March 25th : Parallel Structure
Understand the Problem:
For a list of actions or items, you must maintain parallel structure. To do this, use equal grammatical units. If the first item is a noun, then the following items must also be nouns; if the first item is a verb, then make the other items verbs as well
Identify Parallel Structure in Sentences
Nonparallel to Parallel
Find the Solution:
Once you discover a nonparallel item, you have two options.
- First, you can make it conform to the other grammatical items in the sentence.
- Look at this example: We spent the hour in the waiting room reading old magazines, eating stale cookies from the vending machine, and we wiggled on the hard plastic chairs.
- Reading old magazines and eating stale cookies are participle phrases; we wiggled ..., however, is a main clause.
- If we fix the nonparallel item, the sentence looks like this:
- We spent the hour in the waiting room reading old magazines, eating stale cookies from the vending machine, and wiggling on the hard plastic chairs.