In 1907 Bruce Ismay and Lord James Pirrie partners at Harland and Wolff (British ship building company) discussed to build the two biggest cruise ships ever seen, the ‘Olympic’ and the ‘Titanic.’ The two were nearly identical except for in sixe the Titanic was 1004 tons larger and more luxurious. They were designed to be speed, luxury and comfort for everyone. Fast enough to travel from England to New York in a week.
The Titanic was 220 foot high, with the largest frame work in the world. The first class suits were furnished with lush lounges, smoking rooms, reception areas and a reading room. The dining room was three decks high was glass dome to cover, the lower part a Turkish bath and swimming pool. The first gym ever on a ship was installed with three lifts all for first classers to reach their entertainment. The first class rooms themselves came with maids and valets costing £260 to £60. Passengers traveling on second class paid £13 to £79, as third class were only £7 for a single ticket.
Taking 10 months to finish the inside interior the launch was on May 31st 1911 then finally on April 10th 1912 the largest ship in the world set sail from Belfast. The captain in charge was E.J Smith. The ship took its first port at Chebourg France at 6:30pm taking in another 247 passengers then porting once again at Port of Liverpool for its last stop picking up another 120 before heading off to New York.
On the fourth morning aboard the Titanic, Sunday April 14th at 9am the ship was told of warning about icebergs. Three other ships sent warning to the Titanic informing that they were sailing into an area of heavy icebergs. People were not alarmed as they believed the ship was unsinkable. The last warning was sent in at 9:40pm from the Mesaba ship, the nearest ship to the Titanic was the Californian who singled to the Titanic but the wireless officer Phillips told the ship to 'shut up' as he was busy. Frederick Fleet and Lee the watchers on board the Titanic were the first to spot the ice berg ringing the three times yelling 'Iceberg dead ahead!' First officer William Murdoch ordered the ship's engines to stop and reverse, as the ship tried to turn hard to port (left) to miss the ice berg. The ship missed hitting the ice berg head on but scraped the side along the berg causing more damage than what would have happened hitting it straight on.
The iceberg scraped below the ship's water line damaging six watertight compartments. The Titanic was unable to float with more than four compartments flooded. The ship had an hour before it went down. Sailors were told to go from door to door telling passengers to put on life vests because the ship was sinking. After midnight, Captain Smith ordered lifeboats to be ready. Only women and children were allowed first on the boats, as there were not enough boats for everyone passengers started to panic. The stern started to rise out of the water and people ran everywhere, jumping off and hoping that they could somehow swim to safety.
At 2:17am the Titanic's stern had risen out of the water at 90 degrees as the unsinkable ship entered the icy water. 2,200 people aboard the ship as 1,523 died because of the lack of lifeboats and the freezing cold water.