Defects of Society from Human Nature
Emmett, Ben, Mike
William Golding's purpose for writing "The Lord of the Flies" is to simply show how society is effected by the defects in human nature. This means that the shape of society is based upon ethical maturity. Ethical maturity means to make smarter decisions as you become older and have more life experience. For example, a student in middle school can be expected to make poor decisions compared to a high school student (in most cases) because as a young child thinks less of future consequences and is only thinking at the margin.
For example, throughout the book there is a constant conflict between Ralph and Jack. There is a confrontation with Ralph and Jack. Ralph doubts Jack's abilities and calls Jack's hunters "boys armed with sticks" (page 125). Ralph also goes on to say "call me a coward then". Jack says to the group, "He's not a hunter. He'd never got us meat. He isn't a perfect and we don't know anything about him. He just gives us orders and expects people to obey for nothing"(page 126). This argument shows how differences in interest get in the way of doing what is right and needed. Ralph cares about the fire and safety while Jack is obsessed with hunting. Both Ralph and Jack want to be the leader but both for different purposes.
The "defect" seen here is seperation of class and failure to communicate. There is Ralph's group and Jack's group. Piggy is often treated poorly all through the book. The Conch represents a system of government, a democracy, but in the end, their "society" fails. Piggy is killed out of ignorance. The others don't want to listen to what he has to say and instead of talking about something else, they don't think, they just do, and they end up killing Piggy.
"See? See? That's what you'll get! I meant that! There isn't a tribe for you anymore! The conch is gone." (pg. 181)
This is what Jack says to Ralph after piggy was just killed.
On page 127, Jack says, "I'm not going to be a part of Ralph's lot--. I'm going off by myself. He can catch his own pigs. Anyone who wants to hunt when I do can come too." This shows separation between Ralph and Jack. Jack leaves Ralph because they cannot cooperate, another defect in human nature.
Another defect in human nature that ultimately affects society is the race for power. Most everyone in the book wants to be heard and wants to voice their opinions. The conch represented democracy. Anyone who had the conch had the right to speak. This only temporarily worked until the groups split. From page "I ought to be chief," said Jack with simple arrogance, "because I'm chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp." (page 22).