Nelson Mandela Timeline

Early life of Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in the village of Mvezo in Umtata. His father Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa being a polygamist nelson had a stepmom. Mandela grew up with two sisters in his mother's kraal in the village of Qunu, When Mandela was about nine, his father came to stay at Qunu, where he died of an undiagnosed ailment which Mandela believed to be lung disease. His mother took Mandela to the "Great Place" palace at Mqhekezweni, where he was entrusted under the guardianship of Thembu regent. Mandela attended church services every Sunday with his guardians, Christianity became a significant part of his life.

Nelson Mandela attended Clarkebury Boarding Institute where he was made to socialise with other students on an equal basis and where he also started to began playing sports and developed his lifelong love of gardening.

Returning to Mqhekezweni in December 1940, Mandela found that Jongintaba had arranged marriages for him and Justice. Mandela found work as a night watchman at Crown Mines, his "first sight of South African capitalism in action", but was fired when the induna (headman) discovered he was a runaway.

Beginning law studies at the University of Witwatersrand, Mandela was the only native African student. In 1943, Mandela met Anton Lembede, an African nationalist virulently opposed to a racially united front against colonialism and imperialism. During this time Mandela met Evelyn Mase, an ANC activist from Engcobo, Transkei, who was training at the time to become a nurse. Married on 5 October 1944, after initially living with her relatives. Their first child, Madiba "Thembi" Thembekile, was born in February 1945, and a daughter named Makaziwe was born in 1947, dying nine months later of meningitis. In July 1947, Mandela rushed Lembede, who was ill, to hospital, where he died; he was succeeded as ANCYL president by the more moderate Peter Mda, who agreed to co-operate with communists and non-blacks, appointing Mandela ANCYL secretary.

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