Congestive Heart Failure

By Sarah Bodnar and Kirsten White

- a chronic condition where the heart does not pump blood


-coronary artery disease

-heart attack


-conditions that overwork the heart including: high blood pressure, valve disease, thyroid disease, kidney disease, diabetes, heart failure


-congested lungs

-fluid and water retention

-dizziness, fatigue, and weakness

-rapid or irregular heartbeat

Diagnostic Tests:

-Doctors will ask about your medical history and conditions you have that may cause heart failure such as: coronary artery disease, anginadiabetes, heart valve disease, high blood pressure

-You will be asked if you smoke, take drugs, or drink alcohol and about what drugs you take


-affects 6 million Americans

-roughly 670,000 are diagnosed each year

-leading cause of hospitalization of people over 65


-Keep your blood pressure low

-Monitor your weight

-Monitor your fluid intake and output

-Limit your sodium intake

Risk Factors:

-high blood pressure

-coronary artery disease

-heart attack


-sleep apnea

-congenial heart defects


-kidney damage or failure

-heart valve problems

-heart rhythm problems

-liver damage

Treatment Options:

-Repair heart valve

-Balance of medications

-Use of devices that help the heart beat and contract properly

-Medication: diuretics


Beckerman, James, MD. "Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment." WebMD. WebMD, 20 Sept. 2014. Web. 04 Mar. 2015.

Mayo Clinic Staff. "Heart Failure." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 17 Jan. 2015. Web. 14 Mar. 2015.


Comment Stream