Colombia (war against rebel groups)

Colombia and the US against FARC and ELN

3 hours ago 0

La Violencia-the civil war between the Liberal and Conservative parties in Colombia from 1948-1958 resulted in 220,000 deaths. It was the trigger for the formation of jtwo rebel groups, the FARC and the ELN. The rebel groups are the  leftist Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (known by its Spanish acronym, FARC) and the National Liberation Army (ELN).

"The Guerrilla Groups in Colombia." RSS. United Nations, 2014. Web. 05 May 2015.

The government issued an agreement called The National Front which switched power between the two political groups but it left no space for other groups leaving the the poor ti be even more marginalized. FARC became very popular because they promised to overthrow the government and install a communist regime. In order to support themselves, FARC joined illegal activities such as drug trafficking. After decades it's support has declined but they still fight. The other group, the ELN is much smaller because it tried to fight through a logical approach including peaceful campaigns.

The United States is very involved in the issue. The US believes that these groups are dangerous (even has them as terrorist threat) they have given money to Colombia's government in order to fight off the rebels. On the other hand these rebel groups are the only ones fighting gainst the Colombian government. The rebel groups both oppose U.S. influence in Colombia, the privatization of natural resources, and rightist violence, and claim to represent the rural poor against Colombia’s wealthy.

The FARC and ELN both have histories of using terrorism and kidnapping for leverage and income. They most notable kidnapping, was of the FARC when they abducted the presidential candidate Ingrid Betancourt in 2002.

FARC was composed of communist militants and peasant self-defense groups, and the ELN’s ranks were dominated by students, Catholic radicals, and left-wing intellectuals hoping to replicate Fidel Castro’s communist revolution in Cuba

There were several attempts to make peaceful protest by these rebels but they only recieved attention when they acted out violently. They have made deals both secretly and publicly with the Colombian government.

Personally, I feel like this conflict does not meet the just war theory because while it has an understandable argument the way the groups are trying to get justice is not just at all. It violates the following: noncombatant immunity, last resort for Farc, legitimate authority and comparative justice. Many civilians are getting killed, the fighting was not a last resort for Farc and they dont have legitamite. Authority so they get it by fear.

Danielle Renwick. "FARC, ELN: Colombia's Left-Wing Guerrillas." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 2014. Web. 05 May 2015.

Comment Stream