Alliteration - The repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words, as in "slippery slope"
Assonance - The repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants in stressed syllables, as in 'blade' and 'maze'
Ballads - Song-like poems that tell stories. They often deal with adventure and romance.
Concrete - Poems shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges lines to create a picture on the page.
Consonance - The repetition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables, as in 'wind' and 'sand'.
Figurative language - Writing or speech not meant to be taken literally.
Free verse - Poetry defined by its lack of strict structure. It has no regular meter, rhyme, fixed line length, or specific stanza pattern.
Haiku - A three-line Japanese verse form. The first and third lines have five syllables and the second line has seven.
Limericks - Humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme.
Lyric - Poetry that expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse.
Metaphors - Describing one thing as if it were something else. 'The house was a zoo this morning!'
Meter - The rhythmical pattern of a poem.
Narrative - Poetry that tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in short stories, such as plot and characters.
Onomatopoeia - The use of words that imitate sounds. 'Crash', 'Bang', 'Hiss', etc...
Personification - Giving human qualities to something that is not human. 'The cars growled in the traffic'
Repetition - The use of any element of language; a sound, word, phrase, clause, or sentence; more than once
Rhyme - The repetition of sounds at the ends of words, as in 'speech' and 'teach'
Rhyming Couplets - Pairs of rhyming lines, usually of the same meter and length.
Similes - The use of 'like' or 'as' to compare two seemingly unlike things. 'He stormed into the meeting like a tornado'
Stanzas - Verses; Part of a poem made of divided and grouped lines.
Symbol - Anything that represents something else. For example, a dove is a common symbol for peace.