Civil Rights Timeline
By: Shaynah Kluth
Central High School Integrated
In 1957 nine African American students went into Central High School (A White school) in Little Rock, Arkansas, escorted by the U.S Army's 101 Air force Division. This is a significant event in the Civil Rights movement because African Americans and Whites were never allowed to go to school together before this happened.
Murder of NAACP leader, Medgar Evers
Medgar Evers was shot on June 12, 1963 in Jackson, Mississippi by a white supremacist named Byron De La Beckwith. His death was significant because he was a field worker for the NAACP, encouraging African Americans to sign up to vote and recruiting them to be in the Civil Rights movement.
Murder Of Three Civil Rights Workers
In 1964, James Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Mickey Schwerner were abducted and shot by hands of the Klu Klux Klan in Neshoba County, Mississippi. The three men were working on the "Freedom Summer", attempting to register African Americans to vote. It was significant in the Civil Rights movement because of this reason. The nation was in shock and was in outrage.
Integration Of The University Of Mississippi
In 1962, James Meredith tried to enroll at the University of Mississippi. Due to the incident, riots broke out resulting in two dead and hundreds injured. Up to 31,000 National Guardsmen were ordered to enforce order. This was significant in the Civil Rights movement because many ended up injured and two ended up dead.
Murder Of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King. Jr was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee on April 4, 1968. He was a very important leader in the Civil Rights movement, known for his non-violent tactics.
Campaign To Desegregate City; Four Girls Killed In Bombing Of Church.
In 1963 in Birmingham, Alabama, 4 African American girls (Addie Mae Collins, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson and Carol Denise McNair) were bombed in their Church by the Klu Klux Klan. A minimum of 15 dynamite sticks were planted under the steps of the church. This was a significant event in the Civil Rights movement because 4 children were killed, and the Klu Klux Klan were now taking action against places of religion.
March For Voting Rights To Montgomery
On March 7, 1965 in Selma, Alabama marchers were attacked when they crossed the county line. This was known as Bloody Sunday. On March 25, 1965, Martin Luther King Jr. Led the March from Selma to Montgomery. Here they met up up with the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).
Boycott Of Segregated Bus System
From December 5, 1955 to December 20, 1956 in Montgomery, Alabama, African Americans refused to ride city buses. This was significant in the Civil Rights movement because it was the first large scale demonstration against segregation.
Black Students and Civil Rights Workers Sit In White Section of The Bus.
In 1961, 13 African American and white Civil Rights workers went on "freedom rides" through the south. When they stopped they used "white only " restrooms and lunch counters. Most of their destinations were New Orleans, Louisiana. Many were killed during these freedom rides, making it a significant event in the Civil Rights movement.
First Lunch-Counter Sit-In
On February 1, 1960, four African American college students sat down at the counter at Woolworth's Lunch Counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. When asked to leave because of the color of the skin, they quietly stayed in their seats. This was significant in the Civil Rights movement because it helped ignite a youth led African American movement.
March On Washington; "I Have A Dream Speech" by Martin Luther King Jr.
On August 28, 1963, 250,000 civil rights supporters gathered in Washington DC to hear Martin Luther King Jr, a popular activist in the Civil Rights movement give his "I Have A Dream Speech". This was significant because it showed many people what the future of American could look like.