Aluminum

By: Makenzie Pavao

  • Proton #: 13
  • Electron #: 13
  • Neutron #: 14

Physical Properties:

  • Silver-like metal with a slightly bluish tint
  • Both Ductile and Malleable
  • Excellent conductor of electricity
  • Density: 2.7 g/mL
  • Texture is soft, but can become strong and hard when alloyed

Phase Changes:

Melting Point: 660.4 °C

Boiling Point: 2467 °C

Chemical Properties:

  • When it comes in contact with oxygen, aluminum forms an oxide skin called aluminum oxide. This skin helps to protect aluminum from corrosion.
  • Aluminum catches fire easily if exposed to flame when it is in powdered form.
  • It is also reactive with both acids and alkalis.

At room temperature, Aluminum is a Solid.

Common Uses:

  • Soft Drink Cans
  • Kitchen Utensils

Interesting Facts:

  • Second-most abundant metallic element in Earth's crust after silicon.
  • Third most common element in the Earth’s crust and the most abundantly available metal on Earth.
  • Officially discovered by Hans Christian Oersted in Denmark in 1825
  • The name 'Aluminum' was coined by English chemist Sir Humphry Davy from the Latin words 'alumen' or 'alum' which literally means bitter salt, because it was recognized as a whitish mineral salt.

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