Cholesterol- important component for your cells membrane
Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL)- deliver cholesterol to the organs and tissues.
High Density Lipoproteins (HDL)- proteins that pick up the excess cholesterol and take it to the liver.
Doctors Concern and Heart Disease
Doctors monitor the concentration of...
-LDL to make sure that there is not plaque build up in the
-> Too much LDL can cause plaque build up which leads too hardened arteries that can cause heart attack or stroke
-HDL to make sure the levels are high enough to counteract the LDL
-> Good HDL levels promotes good cardiovascular health
Cholesterol Testing and Overall Health
Along with LDL and HDL, doctors will monitor your triglycerides, which is a fat found in cholesterol in the blood.
When interpreting your cholesterol test, desired numbers are...
- Total Cholesterol 200 or below > anything above 200 is at a high risk for heart disease
- LDL less than 100 > 190 and above is also a high risk for heart disease
- HDL 60 and above (thee higher the better) > anything less than 40 is at risk for heart disease
Time to make a change
Good lifestyle choices include not smoking, only drinking alcohol in moderation and eating healthy. Also getting more physical activity, at least 30 minutes five times a week, taking off some extra weight can also improve your cholesterol.