Team 7.3 Omaha Zoo Trip

Nick Kemper May 1st, 2014

Nick's nice zoo trip

The cichlid is multi-colored which allows it to blend into its surroundings.

Common Name:Lake Victoria Cichild             Scientific Name:Haplochromis sp

Biome:Lake Victoria                                               Home Range/Habitat:Fresh water lake

FISH ADAPTATIONS                                              SPECIES ADAPTATIONS

1) Breathe with gills                                                  1) Can live in highly acidic waters               

2) Scales for protection                                           2) Wide range of food to adapt to different                                                                                             biotopes

3) Specific mouths to help specific fish                3) Stripes for camouflage

4) Fins to move along and swim                             4) Can watch prey with only one eye to                                                                                                      help keep it hidden

5) Barbels to sense and feel its surroundings     5) Mouth shoots out to trap its prey

The Wyoming toad lives in captivity because there is so few left in the world.

Common Name:Wyoming toad                            Scientific Name:Bufo baxteri

Biome:Mortenson Lake, National Wildlife         Home Range/Habitat:Ponds/shallow Refuge of Wyoming/Henry Doorly Zoo of             lakes. Native to North America

Omaha, Nebraska                                                         Endangered species

AMPHIBIAN ADAPTATIONS                                   SPECIES ADAPTATIONS                

1) Thin and moist skin for oxygen to be                  1) Blurry light lines to help it blend in to       transported through                                                    its surroundings

2) 5 toes on each strong, powerful leg for              2) Good senses, relies on the movement         jumping and changing direction quickly               of prey to kill

3) Eyes on top of its head so it can see wider         3) extremely long tongue to help catch                                                                                                      prey

4) Very large and wide mouth good for catching 4) Don't adapt to climates very well, so          prey                                                                                   they have to stay in one place

5) No neck, which helps it swim easier                    5) Warts on their head to absorb excess                                                                                                   moisture                                                                                               

A komodo dragon is colored similarly to its surroundings to lure its prey.

Common Name:Komodo dragon                     Scientific Name:Varanus komodoensis

Biome:Komodo Island                                          Home Range/Habitat:Tropical forest,                                                                                          hot and humid weather

REPTILE ADAPTATIONS                                    SPECIES ADAPTATIONS

1) Camouflage to avoid predators                       1) Long claws and very strong jaws to help                                                                                             catch prey

2) Thick skin that minimizes water loss            2) Fast over short distances

3) Cold blooded which stays the same as the    3) Saliva has lots of bacteria that cause

    climate                                                                        severe infection to their prey

4)  Can store up food for hibernation                  4) Sharp teeth to cut easily through things

5)  Legs absorb less surface heat while               5) Can swim well and help them catch prey

      running                                                                      in the water

Crowned cranes, have long legs that allow them to see their prey over objects.

Common Name:Black Crowned Crane                  Scientific Name:Balearica pavonina

Biome:Sahel and Sudan Savannah                           Home range/Habitat:Dry                                                                                                                  savannah/wetter habitats

BIRD ADAPTATIONS                                                    SPECIES ADAPTATIONS

1) Most have wings for flying                                         1) Longer toe that allows them to                                                                                                               roost in trees

2) Quick, keen senses to dodge objects                       2) Special, long toes for rapid running

3) Great eyesight, better than humans, better,         3) Long toes for walking in mud easier

     quicker reactions

4) Most have hollow bones, which makes them       4) Short bills allow them to get food                                                                                                         out of the ground easier

     lighter for flight

5) Long feathers to help with balance                         5) salt glands near eyes, enabling                                                                                                             them to secrete some concentrated                                                                                                       salts

White Bengal tigers have strong jaws to instantly kill their prey.

Common Name: white Bengal tiger                      Scientific Name: Panthera tigris                                                                                                     tigris

Biome: Russian Siberian Dessert                           Home Range/Habitat: hot/humid                                                                                                   jungles, cold/frosty areas

MAMMAL ADAPTATIONS                                        SPECIES ADAPTATIONS

1) Hair on their bodies for warmth                          1) Stripes on back appear invisible to                                                                                                       their prey in tall grass and trees

2) Mammary glands used to nurse their young    2) Strong jaws and teeth for catching              with milk                                                                        their prey

3) Single jaw bone connected to the skull for        3) Great sense of smell to sniff out their         stronger bite                                                                   prey

4) Three middle ear bones that enables                   4) Great eyesight which allows them to        mammals to pick up sound vibrations                      hunt at night

5) Endothermic animals which means they can   5) Good swimmers which lets them                create their own body heat                                        swim after their prey

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