Test Review Female Reproductive
Gynecology-study of woman
Obstetrics-pertaining to a midwife
neonatology-study of new birth
gravid-pregnancy para-bearing viable offspring
lets do this-woman had 3 miscarriages, 2 live births= gravida ___ para _____
pareunia-sexual intercourse dys=you tell me
time of pregnancy before childbirth-antepartum ante-before parity-condition of offspring
Breast benign fibrocystic changes vs breast cancer screening-mammogram xray of breast
VULVA- labia majora-after puberty covered in hair
clitoris-male equivalent of penis
area between vagina and rectum=perineum
Uterus pear shape organ holds baby before birth, sheds every month if no implantation of fertilized egg,
removal of amniotic fluid for analysis with us guided needle withdraw=
outer covering of uterus-perimetrium
Endometriosis- endo-within metri/o-womb -sis=condition of
when pieces of uterine tissue implant/grow/shed outside of the uterus
causes painful periods, maybe infertility-no cure, but if severe=dilation and curretage d&c
menarche-1st mensrual cycle men-menses arche-beginning
Ectopic pregnancy ectop=out of place
ovum=female gamete THE EGG!!!!!!
when a fertilized egg implants in fallopian tube, not viable pregnancy, will need surgery
Cervix- lower section of uterus attaches uterus to vagina, cervical cancer screening is pap smear, so is this the distal end of uterus or proximal end?
colposcopy- visual exam of vagina and cervix, scope looking for abnormal cells on cervix, if seen=biopsy to diagnose cervical cancer or pre cancerous changes
Vagina is 3 inches at rest and elongates and accommodates
salpingitis=you all tell me
fallopian tubes-2-tubes connecting ovaries and uterus. usually fertilization happens here, then fertilized egg travels to uterus, finger-like projections on tubes that wave egg out of ovar
ovaries-2-need 1-produce estrogen and progesterone, stores the eggs untill released
ovarian cysts-fluid filled cysts on or in ovary, may rupture, may dissolve on own, or rupture then dissolve
Removal of both ovaries and fallopian tubes=b/s/o
Bartholin glands-glands provide lubrication of vagina
Sexually transmitted diseases-stay away!!!
Infections of the reproductive organs in the pelvic region cause pain. painful periods,possible infertility, lower quadrant pain,discharge, and dx of chlamydia/gonoccocal infection or other std, cause PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE- PID.
Gonorrhea-bacterial infection-some woman may be asymptomatic, but usually causes painful urination and discharge, can infect other organs if bacteria exposed......eyes,mouth,rectum, joints......condoms prevent transmission, need antibiotics! for both partners! eewww
Chlamydia- females also may be asymptomatic, but many get dysuria or yellowy discharge, males may have dysuria and whitish clear discharge. Need antibiotics!!!
If these 2 are left untreated what may develop in your pelvis?
Next lesson-male reproductive system-PENIS-PALOOZA!