Principles of Children’s Rights

There is a complete list of rights for children and young people under the age of 18 that is set out completely detailed in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. This United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is considered to be standard rules for the life of every child. This draft was created back in the year 1992 when Ireland committed to promote children’s rights, and signed up to the convention.

There are several child rights which are included in the UNCRC. However, there are certain that stand above others considering the gravity. These include right to health, education, family life, play and recreation, an adequate standard of living and to be protected from abuse and harm. Children’s rights cover their developmental and age-appropriate needs that change over time as a child grows up.

There are three major principles that underpin all the child rights:

1. Non-discrimination

This means that all children share the same rights. Specifically the right to develop their potential in every situation at all times. For example, each and every child should have equal access to education regardless of the child’s gender, race, ethnicity, nationality, and other statuses.

2. Consideration

The primary interest of every child has to be “a primary consideration,” which must be used to resolve every conflict, especially between different rights. For example, while making any kind of a national decision regarding the national budget, the government must deeply consider how the decision will impact the interests and condition of children.

3. Right to survival

The right to survival and development underscores the vital importance of ensuring access to basic services as well as to the equitable distribution of opportunity for children in order to achieve their full development. For example, a child with a disability should have effective access to education and health care to achieve their full potential.