Digestive Disorders Assignment
Colon Cancer is quite simply put, cancer of the colon. It often begins as a polyp or some form of similar growth. It develops from a polyp, if unchecked, into a full blown tumor or cancerous growth. This is where the danger lies, because often times there aren't even any symptoms of colon cancer, until it may be too late.
Some symptoms that may show up are bleeding during defecation, a marked change in bowel habits, or severe discomfort or pain in the affected region. These symptoms, however, are not totally consistent, as they may not even show up at all. People with colon cancer may go into a colonoscopy, totally unaware of their condition, only to find after the procedure has occured that they have a late stage cancerous growth in their colon. One that they had no way of knowing about.
Typically, colon cancer is easily detectable by normal cancer screening methods such as (and most commonly) a colonoscopy. If detected early, colon cancer can be fairly easy to treat and remove totally by conventional methods. These treatments are standard in the realm of cancer treatment. Such methods would be chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation treatment. If detected late however, as is sometimes the case, colon cancer can be deadly, and near impossible to eradicate by current medical methods.
All cancer, colon cancer included, is at the core caused by cells that grow uncontrollably and don't die. The death process of cells is known as apoptosis, and cancer is the result of this process breaking down. In the colon, this can be caused by diets rich in processed foods, ones that contain things such as nitrates, and other food borne carcinogens.