Psychology and Self

The Perks of Faking a Smile

@rain_pocket_flowers just messaged "Psychology and Self" with the following: "Today I woke up late to go to school, I missed the bus, and forgot my AP notes for a big quiz. I am currently on public transportation omw (on my way)  to school. I feel absolutely terrible, how can I feel slightly better??"  I have great news for you @rain_pocket_flowers because according to "Psych2Go" faking a smile can actually turn your bad day better! Here are the great advantages that smiling can bring to you: increase sense of humor, lower your heart rate, reduce anxiety, and promote serenity. In the article "Whenever You’re in a Bad Mood, You Can Feel Better Just By Forcing Yourself To Smile" stated that "...faking a smile could possibly alter our physiological and psychological state. Not only may it increase your sense of humor, but smiling while doing stressful tasks could lower your heart rate and allow your body to recover from stress faster. Due to this, it has been suggested that a smile may help reduce anxiety and promote serenity. Researchers in Boston College have also discovered that smiling may aide you when in trouble, as punishers tend to be more lenient if the transgressors smiles." Smiling is self-soothing technique that is a form of therapy, often used by marriage therapists, and refer it to "Smiling Therapy." Smile on your way to school and class; someone once said "when life gives you a hundred reason to cry, show life you have a thousand reasons to smile." Interested in this topic? You can finish reading the rest of the article here: Whenever You’re in a Bad Mood, You Can Feel Better Just By Forcing Yourself To Smile

Article abstract

In an experiment it was concluded that if you utilize the muscles that are used when you smile it can cause you to have a high sense of humor. Not only does smiling decrease anxiety but it may also help you in times of stress. This study done is still under scrutiny, we don't know if smiling causes us to be happy or does the thought of being happy causes us to smile. The participants used to do this study may have been specifically chosen, therefore causing test results, however the conclusion made about the perks of smiling was not purely from coincidence.  There is a form of therapy that uses smiling, it not only betters our day but helps us cope with our problems.  

Fact of the day

Who here doesn't sleep next to their phone? Doesn't eat, take a nap, drink water, or breath without their phone??

The Chameleon Effect

Just yesterday @PYT_loves_puppies messaged me saying "Me and my friend are BFFs, we are always spending time together, we get out to get our hair and nails done. Not to long ago I started to notice when I wasn't around her that I spoke just like her, was always in her cheery mood, and had the same posture as her? Why is this occurring?" This phenomenon is known as the chameleon effect or also the unintentional mirroring, it occurs between people who spend a lot of time together or get along very well that they begin to mimic one another. In 1999 in New York, Chartrand and Bargh's experiment confirmed this to be true, it turned out that we as humans find others likable when they mimic our posture and physical moves. In an article published by Explorable they wrote about the chameleon being a natural phenomenon that occurs in humans,  "You can notice that people who get along well behave almost the same way, as they unintentionally mimic each other's body posture, hand gestures, speaking accents, and other. The body is actually autonomously making the interaction smoother and increasing the level of like ability when in rapport...The chameleon effect actually becomes a warm response that facilitates social interactions. Individuals usually do it almost instantly that they are not aware of it, and in most occasions, doing such really does increase their like ability." You're fine, this is just a sign of your strong friendship! They do say "Imitation is the best form of flattery." Interested in this topic? You can finish reading the rest of the article here: Chameleon Effect

Article abstract

The chameleon effect occurs between people that spend a lot of time together, this phenomenon was derived from an experiment done by   Chartrand and Bargh, a person seemed to find someone more likable when they were being mimicked. For this experiment the participants in the control group were asked to mirror the people in the experiment group, the dependent variable than became the amount of likable towards the person.  We do it all the time even though we are not aware we do, it's just a natural warm response that occurs, it just means we are paying attention to that person. Those who experience the mimicking effect tend to make more friends.     

Fact of the day

Study, study, finals week is around the corner, many of you have been losing sleep, so go have a good laugh!

Get What You Want!


0:7-0:17 Mirroring

0:17-0:33 Foot in the door technique

0:33-0:50 Door in the face technique

0:50-1:05 Misattribution of arousal

1:05-1:28 Conformity

1:28-1:36 Primacy/Recency Effect

*1:36-2:06 Swearing

Facts You Didn't Know About Your Dreams

Fact of the day

How well do you trust your own brain?

He Loves Me He Loves Me Not.

@070815lux messaged us: "My bae and I have been dating for 1 year now, we have had some minor arguments, we have never broke up, and we spend a lot of time together. However we rarely kiss, he sometimes holds my hands, our hugs feel very weak, and he doesn't give me that butterflies in my stomach feeling no more." According to Sternberg's Love Theory you and your partner share the companionate love, commitment and intimacy both are expressed in your relationship. You're missing the passion, you both are committed because you have managed to stay together for 6 months and share intimacy because you're always together, for the most part. Psych2Go published an article regarding Robert Strenberg's love theory, "Robert Sternberg proposed something that has taken hold of the interest of Love: It is characterized by the combination of intimacy and commitment, and the absence of passion. This is stronger than the friendship form because of the element of commitment...It can also be observed among family members and close friends who have a platonic, but strong friendship...Consummate Love: This type of love sits at the very center of the triangle, because this is said to be the perfect and ideal type of love. All three components are present in this type of love and this is some sort of a goal for people who are in a relationship. According to Sternber...they overcome their difficulties gracefully, and each delight in the relationship with one other. However, Sternberg himself cautions that maintaining this relationship is harder than achieving it. And this is not a permanent form of love." The fire flame that once couldn't get you two physically away from one another might have gone out. It possibly may just take a spark of fire and some time alone, but it's good to see that you have loyalty. Interested in this topic? You can finish reading the rest of the article at here:According to Sternberg’s Love Theory, There are Three Components of Love: Commitment, Passion and Intimacy

Article abstract  

Robert Sternberg came up with Sternberg's theory of love,  love consists of three things, intimacy, passion, and commitment. A relationship may be:  liking, romantic love, infatuation, fatuous love, empty love, companionate love, and consummate love, that persists of all three. There's the love that keeps marriages together over the year, it contains intimacy and commitment. Unlike consummate love, non love is the love that exists between you and your colleagues. However, the main thing that should exist in all relationships is communication, which is ultimately most important than any of the three love theory components.

Object Permanence

This young baby has not yet developed object permanence, which is the ability to recognize that an object still exists even though you can't see it or touch it. This explains why this baby is so astonished and amused by his toy. He thinks that all these colorful balls are being created and destroyed right in his presence.

Fact of the day

Are You Introverted or Extroverted?

Take the following quiz to find out.
According to Psych2Go this is what an extrovert and introvert mean:  

"Extraverted personalities are characterized by being social, outgoing, enthusiastic, and easy to approach...They enjoy being socially exposed and surrounded by people...usually are hypered and energized around people... introverted personalities...keep to themselves more and interact less with people outside their comfort zone, meaning their small groups of friends or family...they are usually quite or only speak little."

You may also take the quiz using this YouTube video "Are You An Introvert Or Extrovert?"

Fact of the day

Communication Styles

@_ap_is_lyfe messaged saying: "I found a summer job! Last week I went to one of the training sessions, I met a ton of new people. There was this girl was constantly yelling at you if things didn't go her way. I would do mistake she would just stare at me,tell me to go sit down, and she always had  her hands on her hips. This other young boy was awfully quiet and anything that the girl said to he would do it even though it looked like he didn't want to. I'm looking very much forward to this job, however is there an explanation to their behavior?" YES, there absolutely is, there are three communication styles: passive, assertive, and aggressive. The girl is aggressive because she acknowledges herself as superior, she's the "know it all", and disrespectful. The young boy is passive because he talks very little and is submissive. The key is to be assertive, you listen to others, you don't put anyone done, and you're respectful. Our recommendation to you is that you become that role, there is no doubt that even others will enjoy the working environment more, best of luck! Interested in this topic? You can read the article here: Communication Styles

Article abstract

There are types of communication skills: passive, assertive, and aggressive. Being to passive can give the opportunity for others to take advantage of you. However, being to aggressive can cause people to want to avoid you and hold resent against you. We should also strive to be assertive communicators, they don't just care about their own selves but about other as well. They establish the best relationships with their peers, since they are very open, and friendly.

How Assertive Are You, Actually?
Take the quiz here.

The Spotlight Effect

@santiago_225 messaged "Psychology and Self" messaged: "Today at school I tripped and dropped a book  in the hallway, I felt like everyone had just observed that embarrassing moment! Did they really or was my mind just making it seem like it?" I highly doubt that EVERYONE noticed you, maybe a person or two saw you but remember their mind was probably busy on something else.  An article published by Psych2Go talks about the phenomenon called the spotlight effect. They stated the following, "...other people are just as focused on their well being and reputation as you are. So, chances are that people are not paying as much attention to you as you think. The majority of our worst mistakes and proudest moments go by unnoticed by other people...Self esteems are at risk because of the spotlight effect. People are under the impression that they are constantly under a microscope. People spend thousands of dollars on cosmetic surgeries, develop eating disorders, and fall victim to marketing companies because they believe their insecurities are magnified...The pressure we assume other people place on us is clearly only imaginary." However, this does not mean that you can get away with everything you do in public and no one will notice!  Interested in this topic? You can finish reading the rest of the article at here: The Spotlight Effect: On our Lack of Salience

Article abstract

Do you constantly feel like the people are watching every exact movement you make? The truth is that they have their own thoughts and preoccupations, strangers are not paying as much attention to you as you may think. This article explains this phenomenon, the spot light effect,  you may believe that people around you are paying very close attention to your behavior, when in reality they are not. This issue may seem unimportant but it can have its greatest impact on people with low self esteem, it may cause them to devolve an eating disorders or even get plastic surgery. It's all in our mind so go out and enjoy what you like to do or dress, after all people around you are paying minimum attention.

Do you know someone who needs treatment? Help me receive the immediate care.

By Stander Effect

0:08-0:29 Kitty Genovese case  
0:30-0:53 Wany Yue case

0:58-1:15 Bystander Effect/bystander apathy "...individuals are less likely to take action when others are present due to the diffusion of responsibility...the greater amount of bystanders, the less likely it is for an individual to take action."

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