Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes also know as juvenile diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin. It typically appears in adolescence. There are 200k to 3M US cases per year. Treatment can help , always requires lab testing or imaging, and can last for years. Most common ages affect are 14-60 years old .
Symptoms: People may experience Urinary :bedwetting or excessive urination,Whole body: sweating, nausea, excessive thirst, fatigue, or hunger, Also common: sleepiness, headache, blurred vision, vomiting, weight loss, or fast heart rate
Treatment : Prescription, Diabetes medication by injection Insulin, Insulin lispro, Insulin glulisine , Insulin aspart , Insulin glargine , Insulin detemir
Specialist--Endocrinologist: Treats metabolic and hormone disorders., Primary care provider,(PCP): Prevents, diagnoses, and treats diseases., Nutritionist: Specializes in food and diet., Pediatrician: Provides medical care for infants, children, and teenagers
Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 Pathophysiology. Type 1 diabetes occurs as a result of the body's immune system attacking the insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas, although it is not clear why this happenS
The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. In most people with type 1 diabetes, the body's own immune system ,which normally fights harmful bacteria and viruses , mistakenly destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Genetics may play a role in this process, and exposure to certain environmental factors, such as viruses, may trigger the disease.
Sources: Mayo Clinic and others. News medical