Venkata Yadavalli

1. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963 by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas. Johnson is forced to give his oath aboard the Air Force One after Kennedy’s confirmed death with Mrs. Kennedy by his side after JFK’s casket is loaded onto the plane. He becomes the President afterwards and delivers an address to the nation after his arrival in Washington DC.

Election of 1964

  • Johnson vs Republican Barry Goldwater
  • Johnson defeats Goldwater 486-52
  • Civil rights was a major issue during the debates and campaigns

2. Great Society

  • attempt to achieve domestic reforms
  • Economic opportunity Act
  • Medicaid, Medicare (welfare programs to provide healthcare)
  • 2 civil rights acts were passed in 1964-1965
  • Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965- abolished the quota system from 1921 in which only a certain amount of immigrants from certain countries were allowed to immigrate
  • Project Head Start- improved education for underprivileged kids

3. 24th Amendment

  • Intimidation, literacy tests, and poll taxes continued to bar blacks from voting in the Southern states like Mississippi
  • 24th amendment- ratified in January of 1964, abolished the poll tax in federal elections
  • eliminated poll taxes that would suppress African Americans
  • US citizens can vote in primaries

4. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

  • Signed after US ships were struck by North Vietnam
  • Johnson sent planes over with permission from Congress
  • The resolution allowed Johnson to stage more involvement in the Vietnam War overall

Vietnam War

  • Troops were sent over to get rid of the Communists from North Vietnam
  • Johnson beared a heavy burden, since Kennedy had just been involved before assassination
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution increased US involvement
  • Operation Barrel Roll-Laos supply lines were hit
  • Eventually, funds for the war hot over 700 million
  • Johnson set off a bombing sanction named Mayflower, to keep the communists in agreement with him
  • College students protested in the streets due to disapproval over the war

5. Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • ended segregation in public places
  • employment discrimination on sex, race and religion was stopped
  • Signed by Johnson, originally conceived by Kennedy

Voting Rights Act

  • stops racial discrimination in the voting process
  • passed in 1965
  • revised 4 times by the government
  • remains very successful in bringing back better voting privileges

6. 1968-The Watershed Year

  • MLK Jr. Assassinated
  • Robert Kennedy was assassinated, would continue a line of bad luck for the family
  • After Kennedy’s death, Nixon matches up with Humphrey in the 1968 election and closely wins
  • Vietnam War protests swirl up, students protest on streets
  • Women would also protest to be equals of men in all facets past voting (*suffrage was already given)
  • Washington DC riots escalate due to racial tensions
  • Tet Offensive intensifies Vietnam War