Why does nutrition matter??
***The food you eat affects your health and quality of life. The food you eat plays a significant role in your total health. To make healthful food choices, you must first learn about nutrition.
Nutrition - The process by which your body takes in and uses food.
Nutrients - Substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy.
Calorie - A unit of heat used to measure the energy your body uses and the energy it receives from food.
Your body relies on food to provide it with nutrients. The energy your body receives from food is measured in calories. The calories in the food you eat provide the energy your body needs for activities such as walking, doing chores, and playing sports.
During your teen years, choosing the right foods in the right amounts will give your body the nutrients it needs for healthy growth and development. Healthful food provides fuel for physical activities, helps you stay mentally alert, and keeps you looking and feeling your best.
Nutrition also affects your lifelong health. Eating a variety of healthful foods can help you avoid unhealthful weight gain and diseases such as type 2 diabetes. It can also lower your risk of developing other conditions that can threaten your life as you age. Theses include the following: Cardiovascular disease, stroke, certain cancers, and osteoporosis.
What influences your food choices??
***Hunger and appetite
Hunger - The natural physical drive to eat, prompted by the body's need for food.
Appetite - The psychological desire for food.
When you're hungry you may feel tired or lightheaded. Once you satisfy the physical hunger, you will feel better. Appetite is different. Think of how the smell of fresh-baked cookies tempt you...even when you're full.
Sometimes people eat in response to an emotional need, like when they feel stressed, frustrated, lonely, or sad. In other cases, people may snack out of boredom or use food as a reward. Using food to relieve tension or boredom can lead to weight gain, since you're eating when your body doesn't need the food. On the other hand, if you lose your appetite because you're upset, your body may not get all the nutrients it needs. Recognizing how emotions affect your eating can help you break such patterns and reconnect eating for REAL hunger.
Seeing what your friends and peers eat can influence your own food choices.
What are some of the ways your friends have influenced your eating habits?
What about advertising?