Have an adventurous ride in New Brunswick's Appalachians Mountains
Mountain Biking By: Mahnoor Amir
New Brunswick is home to a beautiful mountain region, which provides you with a wealth of exciting outdoor adventures and family-friendly activities. Live a unique Mountain biking experience in the Appalachians with many great marked mountain biking trails! Enjoy yourself with an adventurous trip that travels through the Appalachian mountains. Explore, Enjoy and have fun!
Generally temperate and humid, the climate of the Appalachians is manageable. Having an average latitude, results in calm weather, suitable for bikers. The ocean currents cause warm water from tropical areas, to be brought to higher altitudes, where warm air is blown towards the mountains. These warm climates, make for an enjoyable and satisfactory biking experience.Many factors contribute to climate in the Appalachians:
- Near Water: As the region is located near water, it has to experience a lot of precipitation.
- Precipitation: The types of precipitation that exist in the Appalachians include relief which occurs in mountains. Since mountains act as barrier for wind, it forces air up, as the air rises, it cools and water vapour condenses forming precipitation. Windward side receives lots of precipitation. Leeward side experiences a rain shadow (opposite of windward, very dry), with dessert like conditions. Cyclonic precipitation will occur as warm and cold fronts collide. In the summer months convectional precipitation is also possible.
- Elevation: High mountains cause temperature to drop at highest point of mountain. High elevation of mountains, means the air is thinner, causing water vapor to condense, forming precipitation.
The excessive amount of rain causes the ground to become moist and wet, which also causes the bikes to slip or sink.
Natural Disasters that are often experienced in this region:
- Flooding: Floods can occur at any time of the year and are most often caused by heavy rainfall, rapid melting of a thick snow pack and ice jams. They can also be caused by hurricanes and violent storms.
- Hurricanes: Hurricane season officially runs from June through November when the waters of the Atlantic Ocean are warm enough to produce a tropical cyclone. After effects of hurricanes include, the storm surge which causes serious flooding (storm surge consists of very high waves and high water levels caused by wind and air pressure).
- Wildfires: The plenty vegetation (trees) makes it easy for forest fires to occur. Forest fires or wildfires are common occurrences from May to September and can cause extensive damage and put lives in danger.
- Blizzards: Near to the coast of the mountains, heavy snow and blizzards occur near the ocean. Ocean current help blizzards come in on a wave of cold Arctic air, bringing snow, bitter cold and high winds to the mountains.
The type of rock that is formed in the Appalachians, is sedimentary rock.
Sedimentary rock is formed under the pressurization of the deposition of material such as sediments and minerals. Evidence that these rocks were formed during plate collision culminated in the construction of the super continent Pangaea with the Appalachians.
The sedimentary rock also creates a sturdy base for bikers.
Due to the amount of precipitation, and the elevation of the mountains, the rocks erode and fall downhill, creating barren areas. This effects the environment as vegetation is lost, as well bikers will lose there base to ride on.
The natural landscape of the mountains has been influenced by many factors,such as:
- Plate Tectonics: The Appalachian Mountains were formed by convergent boundaries. These plates collide into each other, where the edge of the continental plate forms a mountain, necessary for mountain biking.
- Glaciation: Alpine glaciers carved the land, creating the mountainous region. Lake plains was a glaciation feature created in the region, meaning that the Appalachians are composed of plains of lands, which were once at the bottom of an alpine glacier.
- Erosion: Appalachians are low due to erosion that has eroded their sharp peaks.
Overall, these factors created the mountainous appearance of the Appalachians, making it possible for mountain biking to occur.
Soil and Vegetation
Usually mountain bike trails are generally designed and constructed involving vegetation removal and soil excavation. However in the Appalachians, this is avoided, leaving the land with plentiful and lively vegetation and soil. The soil is leaching and the vegetation is abundant.
The Appalachian Mountains is rich in vegetation, at high elevation dominated by conifers, with an under story of feather moss, white spruce, balsam fir and black spruce also form a continuous cover except on the higher, more exposed peaks where there is rock barren. Lower elevations, sugar maple, white pine and eastern hemlock form a rich mixed wood forest. Dry sites are characterized by red oak, red pine and white pine; wet sites by red maple, black ash and eastern white cedar.
Therefore despite the placement on the Appalachians, there is rich soil and vegetation, which does not interfere with the the mountain bikers.