Natural Fibers

Cotton

characteristics:

  • Comfortable Soft hand.
  • Good absorbency.
  • Color retention.
  • Prints well.
  • Machine-washable.
  • Dry-cleanable.
  • Good strength.
  • Drapes well.
  • Proper care:
  • –Machine wash

    –Tumble dry at moderate temperatures

    –Press with warm to hot iron

  • Common uses:
    • Underwear
    • Socks
    • Shirts, blouses
    • Jeans
    • Towels, sheets
  • Wool

  • Characteristics:
    • Natural insulator; warmest of all natural fibers
    • Soft and resilient
    • Naturally flame retardant
    • Absorbs moisture more slowly than cotton
    • Shrinks if machine washed or dried unless chemically treated
  • Affected by moths

    Common uses:

  • Sweaters
  • Tailored suits
  • Coats
  • Blankets
  • Upholstery
  • Rugs, carpets
  • Proper care:

    1. Remove soil and dirt from wool sweaters by brushing with a garment brush. ...
    2. Treat stains on wool sweaters immediately to prevent setting. ...
    3.  Make a stencil of the sweater's original shape
    4. Use a mild detergent to wash wool. ...
    5. Rinse the sweater thoroughly with cool water to remove all the detergent.

    Flax

  • Characteristics
  • –Durable and strong

    –Lustrous and smooth

    –Comfortable and cool to wear

    –Wrinkles easily

    –Creases difficult to remove

    –Can be expensive

  • Common uses:
  • –Pants

    –Blazers

    –Table linens

    –Upholstery

  • Proper Care:
  • –Hand wash or dry clean (according to garment label)

    –Iron while damp

    Silk

  • Characteristics:
  • –Luxurious appearance and feel

    –Strongest of all natural fibers

    –Drapes nicely

    –Expensive

    –Easily spots if fabric becomes wet

    –Weakens with exposure to sun and perspiration

    Proper Care:

    –Dry clean or hand wash (according to garment directions)

    –Press on wrong side with warm iron

    Common uses:

    –Wedding gowns

    –Lingerie

    –Men’s ties

    Leather

  • Primary sources:
  • Cattle

    Goatskins

    Sheepskins

    Reptiles

    Leather is used for:
    Handbags
    Shoes
    Belts

    Jackets

    Fur

  • Fur is used for:
  • –Coats

    –Outerwear

    –Trimmings

    Common Sources

    –Mink

    –Chinchilla

    –Fox

    –Rabbit

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