Maikel Rocha
5th period

Artist's Biography:

Vincent Willem van Gogh was born on March 30, 1853, in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands. He died on July 29, 1890 in the arms of his brother , bleeding to death from a self inflicted gun shot wound. His father, Theodorus van Gogh, was an austere country minister, and his mother, Anna Cornelia Carbentus, was an artist whose love of nature and drawing also sparked the interest of her son.

Fast Facts:

After having been physically and psychologically unstable, Vincent Van Gogh cut off his ear and offered it to a prostitute.

Van Gogh created over 900 paintings and 1,100 drawings and sketches, producing some of his greatest work closer to the end of his lifetime

History of the Painting:

The image of "The Sower" came to Van Gogh in Biblical teachings from his childhood, such as:"A sower went out to sow. As he sowed, some seed fell along the path, and the birds came and devoured it. Other seed fell on rocky ground, where it had not much soil, and immediately it sprang up, since it had no depth of soil; and when the sun rose it was scorched, and since it had no root it withered away. Other seed fell among thorns and the thorns grew up and choked it, and it yielded no grain. And other seeds fell into good soil and brought forth grain, growing up and increasing and yielding thirty fold, and sixty fold and a hundredfold." (Mark 4:3-8)

Van Gogh found wheat fields metaphors for humanity's cycles of life, as both celebration of growth and realization of the susceptibility of nature's powerful forces.

Poet's Biography:

William Wordsworth was born on  April 7 1770 in  Cumberland, England. His father was John Wordsworth, Sir James Lowther's attorney. The magnificent landscape deeply affected Wordsworth's imagination and gave him a love of nature. He lost his mother when he was eight and five years later his father. The domestic problems separated Wordsworth from his beloved sister Dorothy, who was a very important person in his life.

By the 1820s, the critical acclaim for Wordsworth was growing, though ironically critics note that, from this period, his poetry began losing some of its vigour and emotional intensity. His poetry was thoght to be  a  reflection of his own ideas. The 1790s had been a period of emotional turmoil and faith in the revolutionary ideal.

Wordsworth died of pleurisy on the 23rd of April, 1850. He was buried in St Oswald's church Grasmere. After his death, his widow Mary, published his autobiographical 'Poem to Coleridge' under the title "The Prelude" , which was considered to be one of his greatest works.

History of the Poem: ( Ode on Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood )

One of Wordsworth’s masterpieces, the ode describes the narrator’s heartbreaking realization that childhood’s special relationship to nature and experience has been lost forever, although the unconscious memory of this state of being remains a source of wisdom in the world. The 11-stanza poem is written in the style of the irregular.

The first part of the poem was completed on 27 March 1802, and it was not until 1815 that it was edited and reworked to the version that is currently known.

The poem relies on the concept of pre-existence, the idea that the soul existed before the body, to connect children with the ability to witness the divine spirit within nature.

This poem was also one of  his best works and has sometimes been referred to as the "Great Ode."

Connection between the poem and painting:

The poem and the painting reflect the ideas of nature and the life that is affected by the loss of nature within the spirit and mind. The piece of heaven from an early age is forgotten by our association with the world and how we adapt to society. Our spirit loses focus and memory of the pure nature and we conform to the nature of society. While excepting that nature does have a powerful force on us, so does society and this is what makes us forget the paradise that we had a connection with in our youth, now adapted to our new lives.

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