Rock Climbing in the Western Cordillera

Climate, Soil, & Vegetation

In the Western Cordillera, the climate tends to be different depending on whether it is the east or west side. In the east, the climate is warm so this leads to plants such as cacti growing in those areas. In the west, the climate is rainy so lots of different vegetation can be grown in the western part of the mountains. In the lower parts of the mountain, there are coniferous and pine trees while in the higher parts of the mountain, little to no plants grow due to the temperature decreasing and being colder as you go higher up. The soil type can differ depending on the area, elevation, climate, and vegetation in the region.

Geological Eras
Rock Types

The Western Cordillera was formed in the Mesozoic and Cenozoic Eras which occurred approximately 65 million years ago. The Pacific tectonic plate and North American tectonic plate colliding caused folds of sedimentary rocks. Over time, the land form would become more rugged and rough making it look like how it is today. Weathering and Erosion has also caused sedimentary rock from nearby regions such as the Canadian Shield to be washed up into the Western Cordillera.

There are three districts in the Western Cordillera, each having different types of rocks. The Eastern mountains, which is made up of the Rocky and Columbia mountains, has sedimentary rock that contains fossils. Under the Columbian mountains, layers of sedimentary and metamorphic rocks are found. In the Interior Plateaus, located in the middle of the Western Cordillera, there are igneous and metamorphic rocks where metals such as zinc and copper are formed. Lastly, the Coast mountains also have large amounts of igneous and metamorphic rocks.

Our Rock Climbing resort will be in the Eastern side of the Western Cordillera since the climate will be warm. The nice climate will attract people because it will be safe due to there not being an excessive amount of rain.

The rough and jaggedness of the mountains will create a fun and challenging experience as well as some trickiness for the people who come to the resort to do some Rock Climbing.  

Natural Disasters

  • Avalanches and Landslides can also occur while Rock Climbing.
  • Avalanches are usually caused through one of the following: overloading, temperature, slope angle, snow pack conditions, and vibration.
  • Landslides are usually caused through one of the following: volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, erosion, removal of vegetation, and construction of roads, railways, or buildings.
  • If one of these causes were to happen and an avalanche or landslide is formed, a large amount of destruction, injuries, and deaths are going to happen.

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