by Vincent Lamonica
The climate in Egypt is desert like and really hot. It also is very dry except for the land near the Nile River. Egypt is located on the Northeastern part of the African continent.
Stable food supply
Egyptians were successful farmers because they lived next to the Nile River. The Nile irrigated the land around it. They also made tools using the Nile River to irrigate better like the water wheel. the Egyptians grew melons, pomegranates, and vines. One of the most important crops they grew was grain.
This pyramid shows that the king the top person was at the top of the social pyramid. This person happens to be the pharaoh in this particular image. The rest of the people went down as shown. An example would be that the priests and nobles are on the fourth level and the scribes and soldiers are on the third level. The craftsmen are on the second level and the farmers and slaves are at the bottom. This explains the level and place of each person in Egypt.
The Egyptians worshiped over 2000 gods and goddesses. People prayed to the temple gods for what they needed.
Isis, a goddess, was in Egyptian mythology. She was married to her brother Osiris. Isis means queen.
Horus was an Egyptian god, who was originally from upper Egypt. Horus means "falcon in Egyptian."
Osiris was a Egyptian god of growing things. Osiris was the oldest son of the earlier god Geb and the sky goddess Nut. He was also god of the under world.
Anubis was the god of the dead and the underworld of the Old Kingdom in Egypt.
Egyptians believed that they could pray and ask for requests from their gods. They believed their life could change because of this. They prayed for what they needed.
System of Government
All of Egypt was owned by the Pharaoh. He or she could tell anyone and everyone what to do.
Rameses II was a brave man and a good husband / father. He was a terrible general though. Rameses had his name chiseled into everything anywhere and any time. He ordered servants and other people to do this.
Hatshepsut was born an Egyptian princess. Her father was the Pharaoh Thutmose I. Hatshepsut was a powerful and intelligent leader. Rather than go to war, she made relationships with many countries, which helped a lot.
Kufu today is most known as the builder of a famous pyramid. He was a cruel harsh ruler. Different people say he was powerful but kind. He helped establish a central authority. Kufu also controlled a big network of government officials who carried his laws out. Kufu declared himself god to show his supreme power.
Senusret was a strong leader who ruled a unified Egypt. The arts had thrived under Senusret's rule. Some of the greatest work in Egyptian literature was written during Sunusret's reign. His greatest accomplishments were in religious architecture. He had many temples, shrines, and monuments built.
People started to carve sculptures in Egypt about 4,500 BC. The sculptures they made were small figurines, mostly of women. We don't know why Egyptians made these sculptures. Some artists made life sized sculptures for rich people after they died. The artists also used to carve these sculptures while sitting down.
The earliest evidence of music from Egypt comes from about 3100 BC. The musicians were usually women. They played the flutes, harps, rattles, and lutes(an instrument similar to a guitar).
Around 3000 BC, Egyptian artists began to create their own walls to carve and paint. Artisans worked in large groups. They completed engravings, paintings, and hieroglyphics.
The Egyptians built many pyramids. The pyramids have sloping and flat sides. They also built burial places and monuments for Pharaohs. Sphinxes were used for monuments.
Advances in Technology
The Ancient Egyptians were an earlier or one of the first civilizations. The technology they used included large construction projects like pyramids, and palaces. It also included simple machines like ramps and levers. One of the most important form of technology was a form of writing. The Egyptians form of writing is hierogylphics.
The writing the Egyptians used was hieroglyphics. They also learned how to make strong sheets of papyrus to write on. The Egyptians wrote everything down. Although hieroglyphics looked cool, it took a long time to write down. Although lots of archaeologists could read Demotic script , there were no people left who remembered what hieroglyphics meant. People eventually learned to read hieroglyphics by using Rosetta Stone. Hieroglyphics was a bunch of detailed symbols. Hieroglyphics usually took a very long time to write down because you weren't just writing down letters of numbers you were writing detailed pictures. This made it even harder for scribes and other people because it took so long to write down.
Connection #1 In Egypt the Egyptians used the Nile River for almost everything like irrigation, food, and water. Today people in our time use rivers for the same uses.
Connection #2 Today we have a social pyramid of ourselves. Our social pyramid would be that the president is at the top and poor homeless people are at the bottom. This is like the Egypt social pyramid because the pharaohs are at the top and the slaves are at the bottom.
Connection#3 Today we do many things to show who was special and great. The one way we do this is that we make sculptures of famous people like presidents. The Egyptians do the same kind of things for Pharaohs and other special people. We also just make random sculptures now just to look cool. Egyptians did the same thing for rich people who could afford it.