In Arabic it’s Khalifa (the ruler of an Islamic community.)
Caliphs were spread across the Middle East.
The 4 Rightly Guided Caliphs (The Rashidun)
Abu Bakr: Was a senior companion and the father-in-law of Mohammad. He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate. He became the first Muslim Caliph following Muhammad's death. Was called Al-Siddiq (The Truthful) and kept the Islamic community connected.
Umar Ibn Al-Khattab: The second Muslim caliph after Mohammad's death and ruled for 10 years. He was a leading companion and adviser to Mohammad. Under Umar the Islamic empire expanded at an unprecedented rate ruling the whole Sassanid Persian Empire and more than two thirds of the Eastern Roman Empire.
Uthman Ibn Affan: a member of the influential Umayyad family. Was chosen as Umar's successor. He defeated a Byzantine attempt to recover Alexandria.
Ali Ibn Abi Talib: the forth caliph. Ali was the cousin of the Prophet and grew up in the same household as the Prophet. Ali was the second person to accept Islam and to follow it. He was only 10 years old when he converted to Islam. Ali married Mohammed’s daughters Fatima.
A religious person who leads the Salat in a mosque and calls people for doing good deeds, inspires them to become a better person and a member of the community who is considered knowledgeable and wise.
Imam Mohammed Qattani
Famous Imam in Paterson, NJ
- Ruhollah Khomeini
- An Iranian Imam
- Was named Man of the Year in 1979 by American news magazine TIME for his international influence
- Has been described as the "virtual face of Islam in Western popular culture"
- Khomeini was the grandson and son of Mullahs (Shia religious leaders)
- Saddam Hussein, forced Khomeini to leave Iraq since Saddam hated the Shia
- Iranian women were required to wear the veil
- Western music and alcohol were banned
- Khomeini produced numerous writings on Islamic philosophy, law, and ethics
Celebrities That Converted To Islam
- Mohammed Ali
- Mike Tyson
- Michael Jackson
- Janet Jackson
- Shaquille O'neal
- The literal meaning of Jihad is struggle or effort
- Muslims use the word Jihad to describe three different kinds of struggle:
- A believer's internal struggle to live out the Muslim faith as well as possible
- The struggle to build a good Muslim society
- Holy war: the struggle to defend Islam
- Mecca is the capital of Saudi Arabia
- That is where the Ka’ba is located
- The prophet (Mohammed) was born and raised there
- Mecca is visited by millions of Muslims every year
- Medina aka the city of Mohammed where he was buried
- The second holiest site in Islam
- Medina is historically significant for being Mohammed’s home after the Hijrah.
- Hijrah is the migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina
The Dome Of The Rock (Qubbat Al-Sakhra)
The most universally recognized symbol of Jerusalem is not a Jewish or Christian holy place but a Muslim one.
- Was built by Caliph Abd al-Malik
- The Rock (al-Sakhra) in the midst of the building was the spot from which Mohammed ascended to heaven after his miraculous night journey from Mecca to Jerusalem on the winged steed (Al-Buraq)
Two Sects Of Islam
- Most Muslims are of two denominations, Sunni (75–90%) or Shia (10–20%)
- About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia
- 25% in South Asia
- 20% in the Middle East
- 15% in Sub-saharan Africa
- Sizable minorities are also found in Europe, China, Russia, and the Americas
- Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world
- About 1.6 billion followers
- 23% of earth's population
- Islam is the second-largest religion
- The fastest-growing religion in the world.
- Ramadan is the month of forgiveness.
- Muslims fast from sunrise until sunset.
- Ramadan is not just about fasting from food it’s deeper than that.