By Melanie Lauener & Nikki Winn

This is a picture of Mani, the founder of Manichaeism.

Manichaeism is the a dualistic religious system with Christian, Gnostic, and pagan elements, founded in Persia in the 3rd century by Manes ( c.216– c.276). The system was based on a supposed primeval conflict between light and darkness. It spread widely in the Roman Empire and in Asia, and survived in eastern Turkestan (Xinjiang) until the 13th century. (Webster Dictionary) It was founded by a man named Mani.


The Manichaeists did not believe in the New Testament. Mani admitted to as much as the New Testament as suited him. He said he was an apostle of Jesus Christ.

Mani believed that he needed to convert the world/ all of creation. They were involved with intense missionary work to change the world. Proving that they thought that creation was not good and they needed to be changed.

Differences from Christians

The differences are that Manichaeans believe that Jesus did not exist as a physical man, and Christians believe that Jesus was a physical man. Manichaeans believed that salvation is mainly about liberating the light sparks within our selves where as christians believed that salvation is done by faith and works. Christianity believes in divine revelation and that God Reveals himself through saints. But Mani's people believed that God has revealed himself through all ages and in many places.

Theology of the Body Relation

Theology of the body could be used to argue against Manichaeans because in theology of the body the Pope stresses the goodness of man. Theology of the Body also stresses that Jesus came as the Physical man to save us from our sins. Manichaest are also repressive of talking about sex and the human body and this goes against everything theology of the body stands for Theology of the Body believes that people need to discuss sex and the body to learn about these topics the right way.

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