The Catholic Church

EQ: How does religion effect an empire's development?

Background information on the Catholic Church in Europe

As the Western Roman Empire fell, there was less and less restriction on the Pope's power, so as the Pope's power increased, feudal states formed and Catholicism increased with the Pope's power. Although the Church did not have the military for the empire, it had other ways of expressing power. That is how the Church was able to take up where the Western Roman Empire had left off as the power in Western Europe.

Catholic means "universal"

Vatican: the church/city where the Pope lives

Papacy: the Pope's office, also used for the government of the Roman Catholic Church with the Pope as the head ruler

Constantine: the first Christian roman emperor  

The Pope - today

The Pope

The Pope is the head of the Roman Catholic church. The church sees the Pope as the visible head and Jesus Christ as the unseen and absolute head.

The Pope has spiritual power and temporal power -

Spiritual: morals, faith, church government, and religious practices

Temporal: control of Vatican City

Watch this short video for a re-cap of the catholic church in Europe!

monks and nuns

MONKS:

Monks lived in monasteries (where the word monk comes from) and made copies of the Bible. Being a monk was a way to get closer to God. They are religious men under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, and they have given their lives to God, serve the Church, work for the salvation of the world, and work for charity. They represent the Church, and are witnesses to Jesus Christ.

NUNS:

These religious women also take the vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, live in community in a convent; and share in a particular apostolate.

Monks and Nuns spread the word of God and Catholicism by traveling, talking, and praying. missionaries were a big thing in Europe, it was a way that they could spread Catholicism to those that don't know about it/wanted to know more about it.

Lets see what you know!

(scroll down for answers)

How does religion effect an empires development?

When the Roman Empire fell, the Pope's power increased over the kings and emperors of Western Europe, was this beneficial or detrimental to European society?







Answers!!

What was the role of the Pope in the Catholic Church?

The Pope was the head of the catholic church, and he controlled the laws of Catholic society.

How did the Pope become so powerful?

The Pope became powerful through the power vacuum left behind by the fall of the Western Roman Empire.

What was the significance of the Vatican?

The significance of the Vatican was it was the city where the Pope lived and worked, also where the Pope's church was.

What was the role of the Monks in the Catholic society?

The monks were important people because they were significant to the church, devoted their lives to God, and continued to help the Catholic people. The monks also spread the word of God by praying, talking, and traveling.

Citations:

"Off-Campus Study." 2009-10 (Bowdoin, ). N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

"The Pope Will Present Thought for the Day: Good News for Today Listeners – Telegraph Blogs." News The Pope Will Present Thought for the Day Good News for Today Listeners Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

"Off-Campus Study." 2009-10 (Bowdoin, ). N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.

"Anglican Nuns Praised for Joining Catholic Church." :: Catholic News Agency (CNA). N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2014.

World History Textbook

"World Book Online Reference Center | Online Reference Book| Online Encyclopedia." World Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

"World Book Online Reference Center | Online Reference Book| Online Encyclopedia." World Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014.

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