By: Madeleine Chverchko
Biome's Location: An estuary is a partially enclosed body of water along the coast where freshwater from rivers and streams meets and mixes with saltwater from the ocean. Estuaries and the lands around them are places of transition from land to sea and freshwater to saltwater.
Biome's Climate: Estuaries are mostly warm and humid. Weather patterns, seasonal cycles, and climate change affect and change conditions of the estuaries such as structure, temperature, and water quality.
Biome's Soil: Estuaries are full of decaying plants and animals. This makes the soil rich in nutrients, because of this, lots of different plants can grow.
Other Biome Facts: Typically estuaries have brackish water. Estuaries are among the most productive ecosystems in the world.
Biome's Vegetation: Smooth Cordgrass, Sea Lavender, eelgrass
Biome's Animals: Mud carb, Mud shrimp, Great blue heron
Great Blue Heron: The Great Blue Heron is the largest heron in North America. It has a slate-gray body with very long legs and an "s" shaped neck. They stand 38-54 inches tall with a six-foot wingspan. The Great Blue Heron is very commonly found in marshes and mud flats. It eats fish, amphibians, reptiles, invertebrates, and small animals. It is most active during the day.
Mangrove: Mangroves live in areas with low-oxygen soil and brackish water. They have stilt-like roots that raise it above the water line. The roots from the mangroves also make these plants a good home for fish and other organisms seeking food and shelter from predators. Many species of fruit bat will eat mangrove blossoms. Mangrove forests only grow in tropical and subtropical latitudes near the equator because they can not withstand freezing temperatures. The roots filter out the salt the mangroves grow in. Salt crystals taken up by the roots are stored in the leaves. The mangroves rids itself of the salt by shedding its leaves.