1) The two genotypes in this punnet square are Gg and Gg.
2) You could have three green flowers and one yellow flower.
3) The homozygous outcomes in this punnent square are GG and gg.
4) The heterozygous outcome in this punnent square is Gg.
Sexual reproduction provides genetic diversity because the sperm and egg that are produced contain different combinations of genes than the parent organisms. Asexual reproduction, does not need sperm and eggs since one organism splits into two organisms that have the same combination of genes.
Adaptation- The change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment.
Evolution- The process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth.
Species- A group of living organisms consisting of similar individuals capable of exchanging genes or interbreeding.
Gene- A unit of heredity that is transferred from a parent to offspring and is held to determine some characteristic of the offspring.
Genetic- Relating to genes or heredity.
Sexual Reproduction- The production of new living organisms by combining genetic information from two individuals of different genders.
Asexual Reproduction- A mode of reproduction by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only.
Genetic variation helps populations to survive because it allows for species to better adapt to the surroundings and environment. Also, with genetic variation, it is much less likely for offspring to receive a recessive gene that could cause certain diseases. During inbreeding, offspring will become more likely to receive a recessive pair of genes that could cause certain disorders.Therefore, genetic variation will help offspring to survive better since they will be less likely to have defects and will be better suited to adapt.