Niccoló di Bernardo dei Machiavelli
By: Merlin Lopez
Born at Florence, on May 3, 1469
Lived in a time when Italy was divided into four rival city-states and, was at the mercy of stronger governments throughout the rest of Europe.
Machiavelli became a diplomat after the temporary fall of the Medici family of Florence.
After his involvement in an unsuccessful attempt to organize a Florentine militia against the return of the Medici family to power in 1512 became known, Machiavelli was tortured, jailed and banished from an active role in political life.
Though it was initially a dark period for his career, Machiavelli's time away from politics gave him the opportunity to read Roman history and to write political treatises, most notably The Prince. Which has turned out to be one of the most important books in history.
His main point of view about monarchal rule and survival is man's capacity for determining his own destiny instead of believing in the power of fate, which has been interpreted as the political philosophy that one may resort to any means in order to establish and preserve total authority.
An excerpt from his book reads: "Since love and fear can hardly exist together, if we must choose between them, it is far safer to be feared than loved."This quotation is an example of the tough and practical political commentary of Machiavelli.
The Prince influenced political thought from his time to the present and is as relevant to politics today as it was in 1513. The Prince first laid the moral world of politics and the gulf between private conscience and the demands of public action and his ultimate goal was the preservation of the vivere libero, the free life of the Florentine city-state and the other republics of Italy.
Machiavelli had a clear though of how a leader could gain power and stay in power. We can see his thought in most of today's dictatorship's. Most dictators based their power on fear, while in in other governments like the US we can see they base their power on how much the people support he/she.
While Machiavelli died in on June 21, 1527, in Florence, Italy, hes views still influence our modern world, especially the Modern Political Science.