8th period American History
' A deeper insight to the people and places that formed our nation '
#10- Parliament: The British version of congress or the senate. Parliament was the place that created laws and taxes. Parliament made many taxes for the Colonies since Britain had to pay back debt from a recent war. When the Colonists complained about taxation without representation, Parliament did not care at all.
#9- Boston Tea Party: An act of rebellion against the British concerning the tea tax and taxation without representation. Colonists dressed up as Mohawk Indians and poured tea off the side of merchant ships.
#8- Paul Revere and The Midnight Ride: Paul Revere was sent by Dr. Joseph Warren to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock in Lexington that the British troops were coming to arrest them. On the way over Paul also warned the countryside that the Redcoats were coming.
#7- The Boston Massacre: In a square in Boston, Massachusetts some colonists were protesting against the British. British soldiers then started shooting them to stop the protesting. The soldiers ended up killing 5 of the unarmed protesters and caused a lot of hatred from the Colonies toward England.
#6- The Battle of Lexington and Concord: The first battle of the American Revolution. British troops were marching from Lexington to Concord to get to a weapons supply. Minutemen stooped the British at Lexington, but the British won that battle and continued on to Concord.
#5- Declaration of Independence: Created by Thomas Jefferson, the Declaration of Independence is one of the most important documents of American history. The Declaration of Independence talks about how every man has natural born rights: Life, Liberty, and The Pursuit of Happiness.
#4- George Washington: A war hero for the British even though when he was a commander in the French and Indian War he lost his battles. The general of the Continental Army, appointed by the Second Continental Congress. Led Colonists and Patriots to victory during the Revolutionary War. Became America's first President.
#3- Valley Forge: The Continental army spent the winter of 1777 to 1776. Throughout the winter the army was stricken withe disease and many people died during it. But because they got through it and since they got through the hardships, the Patriots could then get through anything.
#2- Yorktown: The last battle of the American Revolution. Patriots surrounded Yorktown and laid siege to it. This led to General Cornwallis and the British to surrendering on October 19, 1781.
#1- Trenton/ The Delaware River: On Christmas night in 1776 George Washington brought 2400 soldiers across the Delaware River. This was the first major victory for the Patriots.
1773- The Boston Tea Party: American Colonists dressed up as Mohawk Indians and attacked merchant ships and dumped the tea into the Atlantic Ocean as an act of rebellion against the British.
1770- Boston Massacre: Protesters in Boston were shot by British soldiers. 5 of those protesters died and the event was known as " the shot heard around the world". This event angered many Colonists and is one of the reasons Colonists wanted to be free.
1774- First Continental Congress: Political leaders from the colonies decided that they should be ready for any British threat. They also extended an 'olive branch' to King George III but he rejected it.
1775- Lexington and Concord: The first battle of the American Revolution. British troops were heading to a weapons supply in Concord and minutemen intercepted them at Lexington. The minutemen lost and the British ended up reaching the weapons supply and then headed to Boston.
1775- Second Continental Congress: The Second Continental Congress is where congressmen assembled for a second time and created the Continental Army. They also voted on having George Washington be the leader of this army for being a war hero.
1776- Declaration of Independence: The Declaration of Independence was created by Thomas Jefferson and is the most well-known documents of American history. The Declaration of Independence declared our independence from England while stating our unalienable and natural rights; Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
1776- Trenton: On Christmas night George Washington took his men and crossed the Delaware to the British camp. They surprise attacked the British and it turned out to be the first major victory for the Patriots.
1778- Valley Forge: Patriot soldiers camped out in the winter at Valley Forge and faced many hardships. They faced disease, death, and the harsh weather. By surviving through all of this it showed the Patriots perseverance and that they could actually win the war.
1781- Yorktown: The last battle of the American Revolution. The Continental surrounded and laid siege to Yorktown, a place controlled by England. General Cornwallis eventually surrendered to the Patriots.
1783- Treaty of Paris: After General Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown, delegates from both England and America went to Paris, France and signed the Treaty of Paris. The treaty ended the war and made the Colonies their own country and that there would be no hard feelings between England and America.
Thomas Jefferson, born April 13, 1743. Thomas was a man who accomplished great things in his life. His life started as the son of a successful plantation owner in Virginia and ended as a founding father and a person who's legacy will never be forgotten in American history.
Thomas Jefferson's first everlasting mark in history was being the person who wrote the paper that let us break free from England. The Declaration of Independence. This is one of the most important documents in American history. Thomas was elected by the Continental Congress to finally write the document that would allow the Colonies to be free from England.
Thomas Jefferson is also known as our countries third president. He went against John Adams and the first time John Adams won, but the second time Thomas Jefferson and became our Nation's third president. As president, Jefferson made the famous purchase of the Louisiana Territory from France and expanded America's territory to the west. Throughout it all Thomas Jefferson was a true patriot and will always be remembered in American history.
Ye ole' news:
Lexington and Concord
In the loving memory of
Richard H. Edwards
Richard was a brave soul. He fought for his country before we even had a real army. Richard was a minutemen who died for a cause. Massachusetts was where he lived, his parents came from England seeking the freedom that we all wanted. Before the life of a minutemen Richard was following in his father's footsteps by becoming a blacksmith. His mother stayed at home, cooked, made clothes, and took care of Richard and Mr. Edwards. Mr. and Mrs. Edwards both hail from England but Richard was born and raised here in the fine colony of Massachusetts.
Richard, poor brave Richard, died to give us the freedom that everyone here longs for. He responded when we called for help. He was there for us when we had no army. Lexington and Concord might have not been a victory, but we must remember those brave minutemen who tried and died trying to stop the Redcoats. May his soul always rest in peace.
Colonial Potato Rolls!
2 large russet potatoes, peeled and cut into big chunks
¾ cup milk
2 tablespoons sugar
1 teaspoon salt
3 tablespoons unsalted butter, at room temperature
1 package (2¼ teaspoons) active dry yeast
6-7 cups all-purpose flour
2 tablespoons vegetable oil
1. Place potatoes in a medium saucepan and cover them with cold water. Bring water to a boil, then reduce heat to medium and cook potatoes until tender, 20-30 minutes. Drain, reserving 1½ cups of the cooking liquid. While potatoes are cooking, bring milk to a simmer in a small pan, then remove from heat.
2. Mash the hot potatoes, then add the sugar, salt, and butter and blend well. Then add the reserved potato water and the milk and beat well. Cool mixture until lukewarm.
3. Add the yeast to ¼ cup warm water, stir, and set aside for five minutes until bubbly. Gradually add four cups of flour to the potato mixture and beat well.Then add the dissolved yeast and blend well. Add the remaining flour, about ½ cup at a time, beating well after each addition, until the dough is stiff enough to knead. You may not need to use all of the flour.
4. Turn dough out onto a floured board and knead until smooth and elastic (about 5 minutes), adding additional flour if necessary. Brush a large bowl with a thin layer of oil and place the dough in the bowl. Turn dough to coat with oil, cover with a tea towel, and let rise in a warm location for about 2 hours, or until doubled in size.
5. Preheat the oven to 400°F. Lightly grease two rimmed baking sheets. Turn the dough out onto a floured board, gently punch it down, then roll or pat to a ¾-inch thickness. Pinch off pieces of the dough and roll them into balls, then flatten these slightly. You should make about 24 rolls. To end up with the right number, I used a knife to cut the dough in half, then in quarters, then made six rolls out of each quarter section. (Alternatively, you could cut out rounds using a biscuit cutter.) Place rolls slightly apart on the baking sheets, then let rise until doubled in size, approximately 45 minutes. Bake about 20 minutes, until golden brown on top. Serve warm.
1 by land 2 by sea 13 colonies 25,000 Patriots dead
1 document of independence 1 king 3 natural rights
2 armies 56 founding fathers
1 revolution 5 massacred
The Last Battle
The Battle of Yorktown was the last major battle of the American Revolution and is the one where the British surrendered to the Colonists/ Patriots/ Americans. The Continental Army and the French surrounded the British encampment and laid siege to it. They attacked the encampment. Eventually General Cornwallis of the British army surrendered. The Treaty of Paris was eventually signed in 1783.
Chapter 6- The American Revolution, Mr. Jones
Chapter 5- The Spirit of Independence, Mr. Jones