The Greek Crisis (Civil War)
Wayne Artis, Gabby Solomon, Joshua Anderson
- The Greek Civil War was fought from 1946-1949 between the Greek Governmental army. Both the United States, Great Britain, and the Democratic Army of Greece were involved during the war. The other side which was the military part of the Greek communist party was backed up by Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Albania.
- But before the Greek crisis, the greeks were a monarchy but in 1924, they became a republic but were later restored to a monarchy in 1935. Other events such as Mussolini's troops trying to attack them and the leader of Greece which was General Metaxas death in 1941.
- Reasons for the start of the war when the Greek governmental system had begun to disagree about what type of government that they should have. But before Greece falls to German occupation in 1941 and over that period of time over 100,000 die during the occupation. After the release of the German occupation it was a happy time but it didn't last long.
- The German occupation was resisted by two guerrilla forces, the communist controlled EAM-ELAS and EDES.After eliminating all political rivals except EDES , EAM-ELAS set up a provisional government. The government disintegrated weeks later when communist members of coalition refused to disband their guerrilla force. After that tensions rise, and there is a uprising which lead to the Greek Crisis or the Greek Civil War.
During the war, help that came to the democrats was successful during battle. One of the biggest battles took place in the Grammos mountains (pictured above)in 1948. The national army had 100,000 troops while the democrats had 12,000 fighters. After the war, Greece was left in pieces. They soon fell into an economic crisis. Thousands of people were sent prison or death including the communist leader Nikos Ploumpidis. Other governments saw this as a win for the Cold War. During that time, communism and democracy influences grew in the country of Greece.
An important military leader was Alexander Papagos. He was a Greek general who led Greece into the Civil War and later becoming their anti communist prime minister which was from 1952-1955.