Five themes of Geography

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Definitions of the Five Themes of Geography

Location-absolute and relative

  • Absolute: A location can be absolute (specific) as in coordinates of a map using longitude and latitude
  • Relative: A location can be relative - examples: next door, nearby, a short drive, down the road a ways. Or, it can be in the same general location as another location - example: next to the post office.
  • Place

    A place is an area that is defined by everything in it All places have features that gives them personality and distinguish them other places.


    A Region is an area that is defined by certain similar characteristics. Those unifying or similar characteristics can be physical, natural, human, or cultural.


    Movement refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another. This can be local such as how did you get to school today, or it can be global such as how did human's get to North America.


    Human-environment interaction looks at the relationships between people and their environment, how people adapt to the environment and how they change it.

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