Inca Religion: Other Gods
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Viracocha, the creation god
A god named Pacha-Kamaq was worshipped by an earlier civilization as their creation god before the Inca. But when the Inca conquest started, they already had their own creation god, Viracocha. Respecting the religion of their conquered peoples, the Inca entered Pacha-Kamaq into their religion, but not as an equal to Viracocha whom they believed was more powerful. In Incan mythology, Pacha-Kamaq was the creator of the first man and woman. But because of his negligence, Pacha-Kamaq had accidentally starved the couple, killing the man and devastating the woman. The woman, believing that she would be better in caring for the world, prayed to Inti, Pacha Kamaq’s father, to remove his son from his position and make her the mother of all of Earth’s people. As the woman’s request was fulfilled, Pacha-Kamaq individually killed her children out of fury. However, one son was brave enough to defend his siblings from this god’s wrath. Pacha-Kamaq was defeated by this mere mortal and thrown into the ocean. After accepting his defeat from a mere mortal, Pacha-Kamaq took on a more humble position as the over-all god of fish and marine life.
In the Inca language, illapa meant lightning. Because of this, Illapa was also the name of the Incan god of weather, thunder, and rainstorms. Like Pacha-Kamaq, Illapa was a deity of a conquered people. Being the supreme god of the Kingdom of Colla, his name also derived from the word meaning lightning in their language. A common belief during the time of the Inca was that Illapa controlled the whole solar system and concealed it in a jar in which he may manipulate it. Illapa used the solar system to produce the rain the falls from the skies. A representation of Illapa shows him dressed in radiant clothes, stones and a club in hand.
The Inca’s religion involved many other gods including Kuychi the god of rainbows, Pahcamama the goddess of Earth, Mamacocha the goddess of the seas, Yakumama goddess of water, Mamaquilla the moon goddess and wife of Inti, Sachamama the tree goddess, and the tempermental god of earthquakes, Ayar Cachi. The Inca had the highest regards of respect for their gods and believed that offering them tributes would put them in the gods’ favour. Usually animals such as llamas and guinea pigs were sacrificed. But if desperate, the Inca would sacrifice young women and children just for the sake of pleasing their gods.