What is Necrotizing Faciitis?
Well, "Necrotizing" means 'causing death," while "fasciitis" means inflammation of the fascia of a muscle or organ."
How do You Get it?
Necrotizing fasciitis is caused by bacteria that enter wounds. Suppose you get a cut rock climbing, or scrape your leg while swimming in a lake. If you have a weak immune system, you have a larger chance of contracting it.
Is it Contagious?
Very rarely. However, it can still be passed along. If someone comes into contact with someone who has the disease and they have an open wound, chicken pox, or a compromised immune system they could contract the disease.
Symptoms of necrotizing fasciitis include fever, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, swollen, red, hot to the touch skin, as well as fever and chills and a systematic response.
So What Happens When You Get it?
The infection spreads rapidly and can very quickly become life threatening. It can cause damage and loss of skin, muscle, fat, and even limbs as amputation is usually needed in cases on the limbs. Diagnosis is sometimes difficult because it tends to mimic celluitis. Treatment of the disease is usually started off with antibiotics and surgical debridement (cleaning) of the wound. Some measures such as breathing tubes and fluids may be needed depending on how bad the case has gotten. It is a typically uncommon condition however it carries high mortality rates. Effectiveness of treatment is typically measured by how quickly the infection is diagnosed.