Fragile X Syndrome
- Fragile X Syndrome as known as (FXS)
- FXS is a genetic disorder. A gene disorder means that there are changes to a person genes. FXS is caused by changes in the fragile x mental retardation 1(FMR1) gene.
- People who have FXS do not make this protein.
- There is no cure to FXS. There are treatment services that help learn important skills.
Definition coming from Center of Diseases control and prevention.
- Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited form of mental retardation.(Intellectual Disease)
- Fragile X is a change in a single gene, the Fragile X Mental Retardation 1 (FMR1)gene.
- Symptoms occur because the mutated gene cannot produce enough protein.
- Development delays such as not sitting, walking or talking at the same time as other children the same age.
- 5 main signs :
- Intelligence and learning: Children withFXS have impaired intellectual fuction which affect their ability to think, reason and learn. Researchers measure the fuctions with an IQ test.
- Physical: Children with FXS have broad foreheads and larger heads
- Social and emotional : Males: extreme anxiety with aggression Females: mild anxiety with no aggression
- Speech and language: Males: stutter or leave out sounds Females: normal speech patterns
- Sensory: Children with FXS are sensitive to sensation
Here are a few links to help further understand Fragile X or get support if you or family member are dealing with Fragile X.
- Avoid direct eye contact
- Provide visual aids
- Plan for transitions throughout the day
- Give personal space
- Allow children freedom to move around
- Be aware of behavior triggers
National Fragile X Foundation 1-800-688-8767; firstname.lastname@example.org
NICHD p.o box 3006Rockville, MD 20847;1-800-370-2943;www.nichd.nih.gov
The ARC of the United States-1010 Wayne Avenue, Suite 650, Silver Spring, MD 20910; 301-565-3842; fax 301-565-3843; www.thearc.org.
Males are usually diagnosed with FXS between 35 to 37 months and females by 42 months.
About 47% of families reported FXS caused them financial burden.
62% changed work hours or because a stay at home parent because they have a child with FXS.
44% of females with FXS become independent in their adult years opposed to 9% of males.
32Education. (2012, January 2). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.fragilex.org/treatment-intervention/edu..
Facts about Fragile X Syndrome. (2015, March 9). Retrieved April 13, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fxs/facts.htm