Natural Hazards: Wild Fire
Wildfires can occur anywhere:
Typically occur in the forested areas of the United States and Canada. They are also susceptible in many places around the world, including much of the forested areas of Australia as well as in the Western Cape of South Africa.
There are 3 conditions to have a wild fire:
fuel: any flammable material surrounding a fire, including trees, grasses, brush, even homes.
oxygen: Air supplies the oxygen a fire needs to burn.
heat source: Heat sources help spark the wildfire and bring fuel to temperatures hot enough to ignite. Lightning, burning campfires or cigarettes, hot winds, and even the sun can all provide sufficient heat to spark a wildfire.
there are many small things a community can do to prevent from wildfires: things like raking up dead leaves, keeping flammable things out of reach from anything that can cause a fire (cigarets, stove, grill, heaters, etc.), keep an emergency kit, regularly clean leaves and inspect the house (primarily the roof and gutters), install fire and smoke detectors.
- More than 80 percent of all wildfires are started by humans.
- An average of 1.2 million acres of U.S. (960000 caused by human) woodlands burn every year.
As well as many deaths, wildfires kill an average of 339,000 people worldwide each year. Most of those deaths are concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa, where an estimated 157,000 people die as a result of being exposed to many dreadful wildfires. southeast Asia ranks second with an average of 110,000 deaths. Due to many prevention techniques and quick responding fire department in America an average of 3,005 people die annually (has gone down about 20% since 2002)